Malononitrile (cas 109-77-3) MSDS

Download
Download
1.
1.1
IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING
Product identifiers
Product name
Product Number
Brand
Index-No.
CAS-No.
:
:
:
:
:
malononitrile
690414
608-009-00-7
1.2
Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
Identified uses
:
Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances
2.
2.1
2.2
HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [EU-GHS/CLP]
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1)
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1)
Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 3)
Acute toxicity, Dermal (Category 3)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3)
Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. Toxic by
inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Label elements
Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]
Pictogram
Signal word
Hazard statement(s)
H301
H311
H331
H410
- 690414
Danger
Toxic if swallowed.
Toxic in contact with skin.
Toxic if inhaled.
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
Precautionary statement(s)
P261
P273
P280
P301 + P310
P311
P501
Supplemental Hazard
Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
Avoid release to the environment.
Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing.
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/
physician.
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician.
Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
none
Statements
According to European Directive 67/548/EEC as amended.
Hazard symbol(s)
R-phrase(s)
R23/24/25
R50/53
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in
the aquatic environment.
S-phrase(s)
S23
S27
S45
S60
S61
Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately
(show the label where possible).
This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/ Safety
data sheets.
2.3
3.
3.1
Other hazards - none
COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Substances
Synonyms
Formula
Molecular Weight
Component
Malononitrile
:
:
:
Dicyanomethane
C3H2N2
66,06 g/mol
Concentration
CAS-No.
EC-No.
Index-No.
203-703-2
608-009-00-7
-
4.
4.1
FIRST AID MEASURES
Description of first aid measures
General advice
Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
In case of skin contact
Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Take victim immediately to hospital. Consult a physician.
In case of eye contact
Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
If swallowed
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
- 690414
4.2
4.3
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
7.
7.1
7.2
7.3
8.
8.1
8.2
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
May be partially metabolized to cyanide in the body., The onset of symptoms is generally delayed pending
conversion to cyanide., Headache, Dizziness, Convulsions, Cyanosis, Irregular breathing., Lung irritation,
Central nervous system depression
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
no data available
FIREFIGHTING MEASURES
Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media
Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Advice for firefighters
Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
Further information
no data available
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate
ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
Environmental precautions
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
environment must be avoided.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed
containers for disposal.
Reference to other sections
For disposal see section 13.
HANDLING AND STORAGE
Precautions for safe handling
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Recommended storage temperature: 2 - 8 °C
Specific end uses
no data available
EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Control parameters
Components with workplace control parameters
Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling
the product.
- 690414
Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection
Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
Skin protection
Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
Wash and dry hands.
The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
the standard EN 374 derived from it.
Body Protection
Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected
according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
Respiratory protection
Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle
respirator type N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering
controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use
respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such
as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
9.
9.1
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Information on basic physical and chemical properties
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Appearance
Odour
Odour Threshold
pH
Melting point/freezing
point
Initial boiling point and
boiling range
Flash point
Evaporation rate
Form: solid
no data available
no data available
no data available
Melting point/range: 30 - 32 °C - lit.
218 - 219 °C
86 °C - closed cup
no data available
i)
Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
j)
k)
l)
Upper/lower
flammability or
explosive limits
Vapour pressure
Vapour density
no data available
no data available
no data available
m) Relative density
1,049 g/cm3 at 25 °C
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
Water solubility
Partition coefficient: n-
octanol/water
Autoignition
temperature
Decomposition
temperature
Viscosity
Explosive properties
no data available
no data available
no data available
no data available
no data available
no data available
- 690414
t)
Oxidizing properties
no data available
9.2
10.
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
11.
11.1
Other safety information
no data available
STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Reactivity
no data available
Chemical stability
no data available
Possibility of hazardous reactions
no data available
Conditions to avoid
Do not heat over: 130°C
Incompatible materials
Strong oxidizing agents, Strong acids, Strong bases, Strong reducing agents
Hazardous decomposition products
Other decomposition products - no data available
TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity
LD50 Oral - mouse - 19 mg/kg
LD50 Dermal - rat - 350 mg/kg
Remarks: Behavioral:Convulsions or effect on seizure threshold. Behavioral:Excitement.
Skin corrosion/irritation
Skin - rabbit - Mild skin irritation - 4 h
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
no data available
Respiratory or skin sensitization
no data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
Genotoxicity in vitro - Not mutagenic in Ames Test.
Histidine reversion (Ames)
Carcinogenicity
IARC:
No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as
probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
Reproductive toxicity
no data available
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
no data available
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
no data available
Aspiration hazard
no data available
Potential health effects
Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin
- 690414
Toxic if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
May be fatal if swallowed.
Toxic if absorbed through skin. May cause skin irritation.
Eyes
May cause eye irritation.
Signs and Symptoms of Exposure
May be partially metabolized to cyanide in the body., The onset of symptoms is generally delayed pending
conversion to cyanide., Headache, Dizziness, Convulsions, Cyanosis, Irregular breathing., Lung irritation,
Central nervous system depression
Additional Information
RTECS: OO3150000
12.
12.1
ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Toxicity
Toxicity to fish
Toxicity to daphnia and
other aquatic
invertebrates
LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 0,51 mg/l - 96,0 h
EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 21,4 mg/l - 24 h
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
13.
13.1
14.
14.1
Persistence and degradability
no data available
Bioaccumulative potential
no data available
Mobility in soil
no data available
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
no data available
Other adverse effects
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Waste treatment methods
Product
Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company. Dissolve or mix the material
with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber.
Contaminated packaging
Dispose of as unused product.
TRANSPORT INFORMATION
UN number
ADR/RID: 2647
14.2
UN proper shipping name
ADR/RID:
MALONONITRILE
IMDG:
MALONITRILE
IATA:
Malononitrile
14.3
Transport hazard class(es)
ADR/RID: 6.1
14.4
Packaging group
ADR/RID: II
14.5
Environmental hazards
ADR/RID: yes
14.6
Special precautions for user
no data available
- 690414
IMDG: 2647
IMDG: 6.1
IMDG: II
IMDG Marine pollutant: yes
IATA: 2647
IATA: 6.1
IATA: II
IATA: no
15.
15.1
15.2
16.
REGULATORY INFORMATION
This safety datasheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
no data available
Chemical Safety Assessment
no data available
OTHER INFORMATION
Further information
The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information this document is based on the resent state
of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions.
It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. guidechem shall not be
held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale.