Related Searches: Barium chloride, Barium chloride dihydrate, barium chloride price, barium, Barium sulfate, View all

Barium chloride(CAS No. 10361-37-2)

Barium chloride BaCl2 (cas 10361-37-2) Molecular Structure

10361-37-2 Structure

Identification and Related Records

【Name】
Barium chloride
【Iupac name】
barium(2+) dichloride
【CAS Registry number】
10361-37-2
【Synonyms】
Barium chloride,anhydrous
【EINECS(EC#)】
233-788-1
【Molecular Formula】
BaCl2 (Products with the same molecular formula)
【Molecular Weight】
208.24
【Inchi】
InChI=1/Ba.2ClH/h;2*1H/q+2;;/p-2
【InChIKey】
WDIHJSXYQDMJHN-UHFFFAOYSA-L
【Canonical SMILES】
[Cl-].[Cl-].[Ba+2]
【MOL File】
10361-37-2.mol

Chemical and Physical Properties

【Appearance】
White Crystalline Powder
【Density】
3.856
【Melting Point】
960℃
【Boiling Point】
1560℃
【Flash Point】
°C
【Water】
Soluble in water
【Solubilities】
Soluble in water
【Color/Form】
White orthorhombic crystals
White solid.
【Stability】
Stable.
【Storage temp】
2-8°C
【Computed Properties】
Molecular Weight:208.233 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:BaCl2
H-Bond Donor:0
H-Bond Acceptor:2
Rotatable Bond Count:0
Exact Mass:207.842946
MonoIsotopic Mass:207.842946
Topological Polar Surface Area:0
Heavy Atom Count:3
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:2.8
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:3

Safety and Handling

【Hazard Codes】
T:Toxic
【Risk Statements】
R20;R25
【Safety Statements 】
S45
【HazardClass】
6.1
【Safety】

Hazard Codes?of Barium chloride (CAS NO.10361-37-2):?ToxicT,IrritantXi,Xn
Risk Statements: 22-25-20-36/37/38?
R22: Harmful if swallowed.?
R25: Toxic if swallowed.?
R20: Harmful by inhalation.?
R36/37/38: Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Safety Statements: 45-26-36/37/39?
S45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)?
S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.?
S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
RIDADR: UN 3264 8/PG 3
WGK Germany: 1
RTECS: CQ8750000
HazardClass: 6.1
PackingGroup: III
A poison by ingestion, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Inhalation absorption of barium chloride equals 60–80%; oral absorption equals 10–30%. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. See also BARIUM COMPOUNDS (soluble). When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl?.

【PackingGroup 】
III
【Sensitive】
Hygroscopic
【Transport】
UN 1564
【Fire Fighting Procedures】
If material on fire or involved in fire: Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
【Formulations/Preparations】
ACS reagent grade
99.999% purity grade; -60 mesh, 99.9% purity grade; ACS reagent crystal grade
Grade: Technical (crystals or powdered), 99% crystals, powdered, chemically pure
【Reactivities and Incompatibilities】
BROMINE TRIFLUORIDE RAPIDLY ATTACKS BARIUM CHLORIDE.
Acids, oxidizers.
Furan-2-percarboxylic acid explodes when heated to 30 to 40 deg C, or at room temperature upon addition of barium chloride.
【Other Preventative Measures】
If employees' clothing has had any possibility of being contaminated with barium chloride ... or liq containing ... /this/ cmpd, employees should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premises. ... Clothing contaminated with barium chloride ... should be placed in closed containers for storage until it can be discarded or until provision is made for the removal of contaminant from the clothing. If the clothing is to be laundered or otherwise cleaned to remove the contaminant, the person performing the operation should be informed of contaminant's hazardous properties. ... Non-impervious clothing which becomes contaminated with barium chloride ... should be removed promptly and not reworn until the contaminant is removed from the clothing.
Skin that becomes contaminated with barium chloride ... should be promptly washed or showered to remove any contaminant.
Eating and smoking should not be permitted in areas where solid barium chloride ... or liq containing ... /this/ cmpd are handled, processed, or stored. Employees who handle barium chloride ... or liq containing ... /this/ cmpd should wash their hands thoroughly before eating, smoking, or using toilet facilities.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in such a manner so that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance to ascertain the completeness of the cleaning procedures should be implemented before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers. All contaminated clothing should not be taken home at end of shift, but should remain at employee's place of work for cleaning.
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed or replaced.
Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premises.
If material not on fire and not involved in fire: Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Do not use water.
Personnel protection: Avoid breathing vapors. Keep upwind. ... Avoid bodily contact with the material. ... Do not handle broken packages unless wearing appropriate personal protective equipment.
【Protective Equipment and Clothing】
Employees should be provided with and required to use impervious clothing, gloves, face shields (eight inch minimum), and other appropriate protective clothing necessary to prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact with barium chloride ... or liq containing ... /this/ cmpd. ... Employees should be provided with and required to use dust and splash proof safety goggles where barium chloride ... or liq containing ... /this/ cmpd may contact the eyes.
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Max concn for use: 5 mg/cu m. Respirator Class(es): Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators. Any supplied-air respirator.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Max concn for use: 12.5 mg/cu m. Respirator Class(es): Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous flow mode. Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Max concn for use: 25 mg/cu m. Respirator Class(es): Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter. Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode. Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter. Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece. Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Max concn for use: 50 mg/cu m. Respirator Class(es): Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: Emergency or planned entry into unknown concn or IDLH conditions: Respirator Class(es): Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: Escape from suddenly occurring respiratory hazards: Respirator Class(es): Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter. Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
【Report】

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.?Barium chloride (CAS NO.10361-37-2) and its compounds are on the Community Right-To-Know List. EPA Genetic Toxicology Program.

【Disposal Methods】
SRP: At the time of review, criteria for land treatment or burial (sanitary landfill) disposal practices are subject to significant revision. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue (including waste sludge), consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices.

Use and Manufacturing

【Use and Manufacturing】
Methods of Manufacturing

Barium chloride is manufactured from barium sulfide or barium carbonate and hydrochloric acid.
(a) By the action of hydrochloric acid on barium carbonate ... (b) By heating a mixture of barium sulfate, carbon, and calcium chloride.
It is obtained inter alia (among others) by roasting barite with coal and calcium chloride ... .
U.S. Imports

(1972) 6.6X10+9 G
(1975) 1.09X10+9 G
(1986) 3,837,024 lb
U.S. Production

(1967) 9.71X10+9 G
(1972) 9000 tons

Biomedical Effects and Toxicity

【Therapeutic Uses】
FORMER USE: ... FOR SYMPTOMATIC THERAPY OF STOKES-ADAMS ATTACKS IS OBSOLETE.
MEDICATION (VET): BARIUM CHLORIDE HAS BEEN USED IN TREATMENT OF IMPACTION IN HORSE. IV INJECTION OF 0.5 G RESULTS IN DRASTIC PURGATION. ITS USE IS NOT RECOMMENDED BECAUSE OF GREAT DANGER OF PRODUCING FATAL CARDIAC BLOCK.
MEDICATION (VET): FORMERLY USED ... RUMINATORIC IN CATTLE
RADIOACTIVE CMPD AS EXPERIMENTAL BONE SCANNING AGENT.
... Formerly used in treating complete heart block. ... The usual dose was 30 mg three or four times a day or about 1.7 mg/kg/day. Use of the drug was abandoned, largely because of its toxicity.
【Biomedical Effects and Toxicity】
Barium forms a protein adduct in serum and is deposited in bone up to 65%. ... Barium chloride is being taken up ... by oral ingestion up to 10-30%.
Nasal absorption of (133)barium chloride was estimated at 60-80% of the dose at 4 hr after dosing, and alveolar absorption may be of similar magnitude.
... In hamsters receiving (133)barium chloride by intragastric intubation, absorption was 11-32% of the dose ... .
WHEN (133)BARIUM INJECTED IM INTO HIND LEG OF RATS FOR SCINTIGRAPHY, BARIUM CHLORIDE DISSOLVED RAPIDLY, LEAVING INJECTION SITE WITHIN 3 DAYS.
A solution of (140)barium chloride was injected intramuscularly into five children and iv into two adults, all with normal skeletal metabolism. Three of the children and one adult also received (45)calcium chloride in the same injection. Following injection, the concn of barium in the serum fell rapidly for about 0.6 day and then more slowly; even so, the amt detected on day 6 was less than 0.0002% of the dose.
The absorption and distribution /were examined after/ a single oral dose (1, 5, 25, or 125 mg/kg) of (133)barium chloride in male weanling rats (weight and strain not specified). The animals were sacrificed at 0.5, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 hr after exposure, and tissue (133)barium concentrations were measured. ... The results indicated that (133)Ba is rapidly absorbed from the GI tract. Peak (133)Ba concentrations occurred 30 minutes post-administration in blood and soft tissues and two hr post-administration in the femur.
Five ml of a solution containing 3.7 mg (133)barium chloride (0.28 and 0.53 mg/kg) /were administered by gavage/ to two beagle dogs (13 and 7 kg, 2 and 4 yr of age, respectively). Mathematical treatment of total body retention and excretion data yielded an estimated GI absorption of 7% for barium.
The localization of (133)barium chloride in pigmented (CBA) and albino (NMRI) mice /were reported/. Males (25 to 30 g) and late gestation females (40 g) were sacrificed after intravenous injection of 63 ug barium/kg (0.063 mg barium/kg) containing (133)BaCl2. The calcified tissues, cartilage, kidney and melanin containing tissues of the male and female pigmented animals had the highest (133)barium activity at the earliest observation time (20 minutes after administration), but albino mice did not have correspondingly high activity in eyes or hair follicles. The calcified and cartilage tissues retained activity even at the longest survival time, 32 days. ... After four days the only sites other than bone, cartilage and melanin containing tissue having (133)Ba activity were the GI contents, urinary tract and salivary gland.
... The absorption of labelled barium chloride ... soln in 1-yr-old Syrian hamsters /via inhalation/. Absorption into the general circulation of soln deposited on nasal membranes was compared with GI tract absorption. During the first 4 hr after admin, barium absorption from the nasal passages was approx 61%, compared with 11% GI absorption. The authors concluded that the nasopharynx is a major absorption site for inhaled aerosols of soluble barium, esp for readily soluble aerosols having mass medium aerodynamic diameters >5 um.
Labelled barium chloride was admin by intragastric intubation to groups of 5 to 10 brown hooded female rats (14 days to 70 wk old). Absorption was estimated as the radioactivity 7 hr after exposure in the carcass plus urine minus GI tract in relation to the dose. The absorption decr with age, from approx 85% of the admin dose at 14-18 days of age, to 63% at 22 days, to approx 7% after 6-8 or 60-70 wk of age. Deprivation of food before admin (18 hr) markedly incr the absorption of barium, from approx 7% in fed animals to 20% in fasted animals 6-8 or 60-70 wk old. Admin of the cmpd in cow's milk did not affect absorption.
... Groups of 5 to 10 Syrian hamsters (1 yr old) were admin labelled barium chloride by intragastric intubation. The absorption estimate was based on carcass radioactivity 4 hr after exposure in relation to carcass radioactivity immediately after iv admin (100%). Results show that following a 12 hr fasting, a combination of gastric (32%) and intestinal (11%) absorption was found during the first 4 hr after admin.
... The absorption of specific barium salt anions /was examined/ in male Sprague-Dawley rats, admin radiolabelled barium chloride, sulfate, or carbonate to fasted (24 hr) and non-fasted rats by gastric intubation. animals were sacrificed from 2 to 480 min after admin and blood concn were measured. In general, barium blood concn were higher in fasted animals and reached a peak 15 min after dosing, whereas non-fasted animals had lower barium blood concn and peaked 60 min after dosing. The peak blood concn of the carbonate and sulfate salts were 45% and 85%, respectively, of that of the chloride.
Orally admin barium chloride ((133)BaCl2) was found to be rapidly absorbed from the GI tract of male weanling rats, the peak concn in the bloodstream and soft tissues occurring 30 min after dosing. Total uptake of barium incr with incr dosage, but, there appeared to be a saturation point for oral absorption ... .
... Injected labelled barium chloride ((133)BaCl2) iv in pigmented and albino mice (63 ug barium/kg body weight). Autoradiography revealed that uptake was rapid and retention times were longest in calcified tissues, cartilate, and melanin- containing tissues. In other tissues, the radioactivity rapidly disappeared. In the mouse fetus, the authors found that barium is mainly taken up by the skeleton, esp in the growth zones. Except for the eye, soft tissues had a low uptake.
... 24 Hr after an intragastric dose of labelled barium chloride to rats, the highest concn was in the heart, followed by the eye, kidney, liver, and blood.
... Labelled barium chloride ((133)BaCl2) admin orally to weanling male rats entered the bloodstream and soft tissues, peak concn occurring 30 min after admin. Uptake was observed in the submaxillary salivary gland, adrenal gland, kidney, gastric mucosa, and blood vessels. The deposition of barium in hard tissues was detected after 2 hr.
... Barium chloride (10, 50, or 250 mg barium/l of drinking water) /was administered/ to young adult rats of both sexes for 4, 8, or 13 wk. Barium deposition in liver, skeletal muscle, heart, and bone was dose-dependent but not related to the length of exposure. The highest concn of barium was observed in the bones. In soft tissues, concn were
... Whole body retention of barium in humans, 15 days after a single dose injection of labelled barium chloride ((133)BaCl2) was 10.5% of the initial dose.
... 34.8% of the initial dose was found in rats 16 days after a single dose injection of barium chloride.
In lactating cows, excretion in milk during the first 8 days after dosing was 0.6% of an oral dose and 10% of an iv administered dose ... .

Supplier Location

Top Suppliers

Diamond member Shanxi KingWayTechnology Co.,Ltd
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-181-32289416
Diamond member Hangzhou J&H Chemical Co., Ltd
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-571-87396430
Hui Chem Company Limited
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-21-60542966
Hainan Jinying Import And Export Co.,Ltd
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Trading Company
Telephone:86-898-32875423
Jinan Haohua Industry Co., Ltd.
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:0086-531-58773055
Tai`an Ming Chen Chemical Import&Export Co.,Ltd.
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-538-6301415
HUTONG GLOBAL CO.,LTD
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-22-59853797
Majonesagro group
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Trading Company
Telephone:86-151-68223193
Sun Wei
Country:ChinaChina
Business Type:Manufacturer
Telephone:86-311-83270802
Jiaxing Furrental Trading Co., Ltd.
Country:ChinaChina

Quick Search

Cas    Name

Related products