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Ammonium bromide structure
Ammonium bromide structure

Ammonium bromide

Iupac Name:azanium;bromide
CAS No.: 12124-97-9
Molecular Weight:97.94246
Modify Date.: 2022-02-11 09:34
Introduction: White odorless crystals or granules that become yellow upon exposure to air. Sinks and mixes in water. View more+
1. Names and Identifiers
1.1 Name
Ammonium bromide
1.2 Synonyms

(NH4)Br ammonia-hydrogenbromide(1/1) Ammonium bromide ((NH4)Br) Ammonium bromide, for analysis Azanium bromide Flamex PA Flovan BU Fuzzicide Hydrobromic acid monoammoniate Spectrum XD 3899

1.3 CAS No.
12124-97-9
1.4 CID
25514
1.5 EINECS(EC#)
235-183-8
1.6 Molecular Formula
BrH4N (isomer)
1.7 Inchi
InChI=1S/BrH.H3N/h1H;1H3
1.8 InChkey
SWLVFNYSXGMGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
1.9 Canonical Smiles
[NH4+].[Br-]
1.10 Isomers Smiles
[NH4+].[Br-]
2. Properties
3.1 Density
2.429
3.1 Melting point
452℃ (subl.)
3.1 Boiling point
235℃
3.1 Refractive index
Index of refraction: 1.712 at 25 deg C
3.1 Vapour pressure
5990mmHg at 25°C
3.1 Precise Quality
96.95270
3.1 PSA
3.24000
3.1 logP
1.28200
3.1 Solubility
97 g/100 mL (25 oC)
3.2 Appearance
white crystals
3.3 Storage
Hygroscopic. Store under Nitrogen. Ambient temperatures.
3.4 Autoignition Temperature
Not flammable (USCG, 1999)
3.5 Chemical Properties
white crystals
3.6 Color/Form
CUBIC, COLLOIDAL CRYSTALS
WHITE CRYSTALS OR GRANULES
COLORLESS CRYSTALS OR YELLOWISH-WHITE CRYSTALLINE MASS
3.7 Odor
Odorless
3.8 PH
Slightly acid to litmus
3.9 pKa
-1.03±0.70(Predicted)
3.10 Water Solubility
235oC
3.11 Spectral Properties
INDEX OF REFRACTION: 1.712 @ 25 DEG C
3.12 Stability
Stable. Incompatible with acids, bromine trifluoride, bromine trichloride, most common metals.
3.13 StorageTemp
Store at RT.
3. Use and Manufacturing
4.1 Definition
ChEBI: An ammonium salt composed of ammonium and bromide ions in a 1:1 ratio.
4.2 General Description
White odorless crystals or granules that become yellow upon exposure to air. Sinks and mixes in water.
4.3 Purification Methods
It crystallises from 95% EtOH and is slightly hygroscopic. Ammonium bromide Preparation Products And Raw materials Raw materials
4.4 Usage
A chemical used for its bromide ion
4. Safety and Handling
5.1 Hazard Codes
Xi
5.1 Risk Statements
R36
5.1 Safety Statements
S24/25
5.1 Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Material decomposes into N 2 and HBr or Br 2 under extreme temperatures.
5.2 Fire Fighting Procedures
ATTACK FIRES FREELY WITH WATER. WATER SPRAY WILL EFFECTIVELY REDUCE FUME & IRRITANT GASES.
5.3 Formulations/Preparations
Grades: Technical; Pure; C.P.; N.F.
/Available as/ technical photograde; -4 mesh particle size, 99.9% purity grade; 35-55% solution & 99%granular grades; dry technical, 38-45% solution grades; chemical pure, chemically very pure & ACS grades
5.4 WGK Germany
2
5.4 RTECS
BO9155000
5.4 Report

Reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

5.5 Safety

Hazard Codes of Ammonium bromide (cas no.12124-97-9):?HarmfulXn,Xi
Risk Statements: 22-36/37/38?
R22: Harmful if swallowed.?
R36/37/38: Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Safety Statements: 22-24/25?
S22: Do not breathe dust.?
S24/25: Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK Germany: 2
RTECS: BO9155000
Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. See also BROMIDES. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, Br?, and NH3. Incompatible with BrF3; IF7; K.

5.6 Sensitive
Hygroscopic
5.7 Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
guinea pig LD50 intraperitoneal 535mg/kg (535mg/kg) ? Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(10), Pg. 57, 1989.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 559mg/kg (559mg/kg) ? Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(10), Pg. 57, 1989.
mouse LD50 oral 2860mg/kg (2860mg/kg) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(10), Pg. 57, 1989.
rat LD50 oral 2700mg/kg (2700mg/kg) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(10), Pg. 57, 1989.

5. MSDS

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Eye irritation, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

6. Other Information
6.0 Usage
Ammonium bromide is often used as an intermediate source of bromide ion in laboratory processes and pharmaceutical preparations. It is most commonly used as an additive in the preparation of photographic films, fireproofing products and corrosion inhibitors. Ammonium bromide is widely utilized in the manufacture of photographic chemicals and emulsions. It is also used in pharmaceutical preparations. It finds application in fireproofing of wood and lithography.
6.1 Usage
Corrosion inhibitors, manufacturing of photographic films, plates, paper, lithography, fireproofing of woodsAmmonium bromide is often used as an intermediate source of bromide ion in laboratory processes and pharmaceutical preparations. It is most commonly used as an additive in the preparation of photographic films, fireproofing products and corrosion inhibitors. Ammonium bromide is widely utilized in the manufacture of photographic chemicals and emulsions. It is also used in pharmaceutical preparations. It finds application in fireproofing of wood and lithography.
6.2 Usage
Ammonium bromide is used in pharmaceuticals for its bromide ion. It is used for a variety of analytical chemistry applications. It is also used for photography in films, plates and papers; in fireproofing of wood; in lithography and process engraving and as corrosion inhibitors.
6.3 Merck
14,505
7. Computational chemical data
  • Molecular Weight: 97.94246g/mol
  • Molecular Formula: BrH4N
  • Compound Is Canonicalized: True
  • XLogP3-AA: null
  • Exact Mass: 96.95271
  • Monoisotopic Mass: 96.95271
  • Complexity: 0
  • Rotatable Bond Count: 0
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count: 1
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count: 1
  • Topological Polar Surface Area: 1
  • Heavy Atom Count: 2
  • Defined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Defined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Isotope Atom Count: 0
  • Covalently-Bonded Unit Count: 2
  • CACTVS Substructure Key Fingerprint: AAADcYACAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA==
8. Question & Answer
10. Realated Product Infomation