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Ethylene thiourea structure
Ethylene thiourea structure

Ethylene thiourea

Iupac Name:imidazolidine-2-thione
CAS No.: 96-45-7
Molecular Weight:102.155
Modify Date.: 2022-11-22 15:43
Introduction: Ethylenethiourea, a thiourea derivative, is a rubberchemical. It has caused contact dermatitis mainly inrubber workers. View more+
1. Names and Identifiers
1.1 Name
Ethylene thiourea
1.2 Synonyms

2-Imidazolidinethione 2-imidazolidine-thione 2-thioxo imidazolidine 2-Thioxoimidazolidine ACCEL-BF EINECS 202-506-9 Ethlenethiourea Ethylenethiourea ETU imidazolidine-2-thione Imidazoline-2-thione mercazini Mercozen MFCD00005276 N,N'-ethylenethiourea NA 22 NA-22-D robac22

1.3 CAS No.
96-45-7
1.4 CID
2723650
1.5 EINECS(EC#)
202-506-9
1.6 Molecular Formula
C3H6N2S (isomer)
1.7 Inchi
InChI=1S/C3H6N2S/c6-3-4-1-2-5-3/h1-2H2,(H2,4,5,6)
1.8 InChkey
PDQAZBWRQCGBEV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
1.9 Canonical Smiles
C1CNC(=S)N1
1.10 Isomers Smiles
C1CNC(=S)N1
2. Properties
3.1 Density
1.27
3.1 Melting point
203 deg C
3.1 Boiling point
397 to 399° F (NTP, 1992)
3.1 Refractive index
1.664
3.1 Flash Point
486° F (NTP, 1992)
3.1 Precise Quality
181.95100
3.1 PSA
56.15000
3.1 logP
1.07980
3.1 Solubility
8g/l
3.2 Appearance
White Powder
3.3 Carcinogenicity
Ethylene thiourea is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.
3.4 Chemical Properties
Ethylene thiourea is a white to light green, needle-like crystalline solid with a faint amine odor. It is very soluble in hot water;slightly soluble in cold water, methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, pyridine, acetic acid, and naphtha; and insoluble in acetone, ether, chloroform, and benzene.When heated to decomposition, ethylene thiourea emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx).
3.5 Color/Form
Needles, prisms from alcohol or amyl alcohol
White to pale-green crystals
3.6 Contact Allergens
Ethylene thiourea, a thiourea derivative, is a rubber chemical. It caused contact dermatitis mainly in rubber workers.
3.7 Odor
Faint, amine odor
3.8 pKa
15.01±0.20(Predicted)
3.9 Water Solubility
H2O: 19 g/L (20 oC)
3.10 Spectral Properties
MAX ABSORPTION (ALCOHOL SOLVENT): 235 NM (LOG E= 4.18); SADTLER REF NUMBER: 5619 (IR, PRISM)
IR: 18092 (Sadtler Research Laboratories IR Grating Collection)
UV: 4571 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection)
1H NMR: 7058 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection)
MASS: 52471 (NIST/EPA/MSDC Mass Spectral Database, 1990 version)
3.11 Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
3.12 StorageTemp
0-6°C
3. Use and Manufacturing
4.1 General Description
White to pale green crystals or an off-white solid. Odorless when pure, but technical product may have an amine odor.
4.2 Methods of Manufacturing
Put 24 kg of ethylenediamine, 48 kg of industrial alcohol, and 60 kg of distilled water into the reactor in turn.?Under stirring, slowly add 32 kg CS2, and control the temperature at about 60 ℃ during the dropwise addition.?After the addition of CS2, the temperature was raised to 100 ℃ and refluxed for 1 h.?Then add 3.6 kg concentrated hydrochloric acid and reflux for 9 to 10 hours.?Cool crystallization.?Suction filter was washed and dried with acetone to obtain product.?The yield is about 80% to 85%.
4.3 Potential Exposure
Ethylene thiourea is used extensivelyas an accelerator in the curing of polychloroprene(Neoprene) and other elastomers; as a vulcanizing accelerator in rubber processing; in electroplating baths. In addition, exposure to ethylene thiourea also results from thevery widely used ethylene bisdithiocarbamate fungicides.Ethylene thiourea may be present as a contaminant in theethylene bisdithiocarbamate fungicides and can also beformed when food containing the fungicides is cooked
4.4 Purification Methods
Crystallise it from EtOH or amyl alcohol. [Beilstein 24 III/IV 22.]
4.5 Shipping
UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., HazardClass: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, TechnicalName Required
4.6 Usage
Accelerator in the curing of polychloroprene(neoprene) and polyacrylaterubber; intermediate in the manufacture ofantioxidants, insecticides, fungicides, dyes,pharmaceuticals, and synthetic resins
4.7 Waste Disposal
Incineration in a furnaceequipped with afterburner and scrubber. Ethylene thiourea Preparation Products And Raw materials Raw materials
4. Safety and Handling
5.1 Symbol
GHS07, GHS08
5.1 Hazard Codes
T
5.1 Signal Word
Danger
5.1 Risk Statements
R22;R61
5.1 Safety Statements
S45;S53
5.1 Packing Group
III
5.1 Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = -0.66
5.2 Fire Hazard
Ethylene thiourea is combustible.
5.3 Other Preventative Measures
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses by industrial workers is inconsistent. The benefits or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in a manner that results in no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose of, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance procedures to confirm the efficacy of the cleaning procedures should be implemented prior to the decontaminated protective clothing being returned for reuse by the workers. Contaminated clothing (including shoes/socks) should not be taken home at end of shift, but should remain at employee's place of work for cleaning.
The most effective control of ethylene thiourea, where feasible, is at the source of contamination by enclosure of the operation and/or local exhaust ventilation. ... The process or operation should be enclosed with a slight vacuum so that any leakage will result in the flow of air into the enclosure. The next most effective means of control would be a well designed local exhaust ventilation system that physically encloses the process as much as possible, with sufficient capture velocity to keep the contaminant from entering the work atmosphere. To ensure that ventilation equipment is working properly, effectiveness (eg, air velocity, static pressure, or air volume) should be checked at least every 3 mo. System effectiveness should be checked soon after any change in production, process, or control ... A 3rd alternative is the isolation of employees ... by use of automated equipment operated by personnel observing from a closed control booth or room.
Employees working in areas where ETU is manufactured, processed, handled, or stored should wash their hands before eating, drinking, smoking, or using rest room facilities during the work shift. No food or beverages should be stored, prepared, or consumed in areas where ETU is manufactured, processed, handled, or stored. Contaminated clothing should be removed before entering areas where food or beverages are consumed. Smoking should be prohibited in areas where ETU is manufactured, processed, handled, or stored in unsealed containers. Employees should shower or bathe and change clothing after the workday if any possible dermal exposure could have occurred. In many secondary uses of ETU, the dust hazard may be eliminated by the substitution of sheets or pellets of ETU (dispersed in a plastic material) for powdered ETU when it is used as a direct additive.
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
The worker should wash daily at the end of each work shift, and prior to eating, drinking, smoking, etc..
Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed and replaced.
Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premises.
5.4 Hazard Class
6.1(b)
5.4 Hazard Declaration
H302-H351-H360D-H372
5.4 Cleanup Methods
SRP: Wastewater from contaminant suppression, cleaning of protective clothing/equipment, or contaminated sites should be contained and evaluated for subject chemical or decomposition product concentrations. Concentrations shall be lower than applicable environmental discharge or disposal criteria. Alternatively, pretreatment and/or discharge to a permitted wastewater treatment facility is acceptable only after review by the governing authority and assurance that "pass through" violations will not occur. Due consideration shall be given to remediation worker exposure (inhalation, dermal and ingestion) as well as fate during treatment, transfer and disposal. If it is not practicable to manage the chemical in this fashion, it must be evaluated in accordance with EPA 40 CFR Part 261, specifically Subpart B, in order to determine the appropriate local, state and federal requirements for disposal.
Spill Handling: Evacuate persons not wearing protective equipment from area of spill or leak until cleanup is complete. Remove all ignition sources. Dampen spilled material with water to avoid dust. Collect powdered material in the most convenient and safe manner and deposit in sealed containers. Ventilate area of spill or leak after clean-up is complete. It may be necessary to contain and dispose of this chemical as a hazardous waste. If material or contaminated runoff enters waterways, notify downstream users of potentially contaminated waters.
Work areas, fixtures, equipment, etc, contaminated by ETU spills should be cleaned promptly. ETU powder on floors should be blotted with absorbing clay which, in turn, may be removed with a sweeping compound. An alkaline solution of hypochlorite will oxidize ETU into ethylene urea. Thus, a one to ten dilution of commercially available 5% hypochlorite solutions may be used to mop up areas contaminated with ETU.
5.5 DisposalMethods
Generators of waste (equal to or greater than 100 kg/mo) containing this contaminant, EPA hazardous waste number U116, must conform with USEPA regulations in storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste.
A potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration at a temperature range of 820 to 1,600 deg C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and hours for solids. A potential candidate for fluidized bed incineration at a temperature range of 450 to 980 deg C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and longer for solids.
Incineration: Proper incineration in a furnace with afterburner and scrubber.
5.6 RIDADR
25kgs
5.6 Fire Fighting Procedures
Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or foam extinguishers ... If material or contaminated runoff enters waterways, notify downstream users of potentially contaminated waters. Notify local health and fire officials and pollution control agencies. From a secure, explosion-proof location, use water spray to cool exposed containers. If cooling streams are ineffective (venting sound increases in volume and pitch, tank discolors or shows any signs of deforming), withdraw immediately to a secure position.
5.7 Caution Statement
P201-P281-P308 + P313
5.7 Formulations/Preparations
Commercial ethylene thiourea is available as a solid powder, as a dispersion in oil ... and "encapsulated" in a matrix of compatible elastomers.
5.8 Incompatibilities
Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates,nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine,bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases,strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, acid anhydrides, andacrolein
5.9 WGK Germany
2
5.9 RTECS
NI9625000
5.9 Protective Equipment and Clothing
The least preferred method /of personal protection/ is the use of personal protective equipment. This equipment, which may include respirators, goggles, gloves, & related items, should not be used as the only means to prevent or minimize exposure during routine operations. Exposure to ethylene thiourea should not be controlled with the use of respirators except: 1) during the time necessary to install or implement engineering or work practice controls; or 2) in work situations in which engineering and work practice controls are technically not feasible; or 3) for maintenance; or 4) for operations which require entry into tanks or closed vessels; or 5) in emergencies.
Respirator selection: At any detectable concentration: SCBAF:PD, PP (any MSHA/NIOSH approved self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode); or SAF:PD, PP:ASCBA (any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary, self-contained breathing apparatus operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode). Escape: GMFOVHiE (any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator or gas mask with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having a high-efficiency particulate filter); or SCBAE (any approved escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus).
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Respirator Recommendations: At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation APF = 10,000 Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. APF = 10,000 Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus.
Respirator Recommendations: Escape conditions: Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation APF = 50 Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister having an N100, R100, or P100 filter. /Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
5.10 Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizers, acids, acid anhydrides, acrolein.
5.11 Report

The 2-Imidazolidinethione is an organic compound with the formula?C3H6N2S. The IUPAC name of this product is?imidazolidine-2-thione?. With the CAS registry number 96-45-7, it is also named as 1,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea ;? 4,5-Dihydro-2-mercaptoimidazole ;?Akrochem etu-22 ;?Ethylene thiourea ;?Mercaptoimidazoline ;?Sodium-22 neoprene accelerator ;?Tetrahydro-2H-imidazole-2-thione ;?Urea, 1,3-ethylene-2-thio- ;?Vulkacit NPV/C ;?NA-22-D .

The 2-Imidazolidinethione is white to pale green crystalline powder?which is slightly soluble in water.?It is?odorless when pure, but technical product may have an amine odor.?This product is combustible. It is incompatible with acids and reducing agents.?And it can?react with acids to liberate hydrogen sulfide. In additoin, it may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light.????

This product is used as rubber accelerator of neoprene rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber, chlorine alcohol rubber and?polyacrylate rubber.?It is also?used as brightener for copper plating and often used in conjunction with acid copper plating brightener M, SPS, etc.?2-Imidazolidinethione is harmful if swallowed.?It may cause harm to the unborn child.?In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)?Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.?

The 2-Imidazolidinethione?can be obtained by the following method. Adding 24 kg?ethylenediamine , 48 kg industrial alcohol , 60 kg?distilled water to reactor?successively. Stirring, slowly adding 32 kg CS2?and?controlling the?temperature at about 60 °C in the dropping process. Warming up to?100 °C after dropping, refluxing 1 h. Then adding 3.6 kg concentrated hydrochloric acid to reflux 9 ~ 10 h. Cooling crystallization. The product?is washed with acetone . The yield?is about 80%?- 85%.

The other characteristics of this product can be summarized as:?(1)ACD/LogP: -0.66 ; (2)# of Rule of 5 Violations: 0 ; (3)ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.66 ; (4)ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.66 ; (5)ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1 ; (6)ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1 ; (7)ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 10.42 ; (8)ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 10.42 ; (9)#H bond acceptors: 2 ; (10)#H bond donors: 2 ; (11)Index of Refraction: 1.625 ; (12)Molar Refractivity: 28.3 cm3 ; (13)Molar Volume: 79.9 cm3 ; (14)Polarizability: 11.21×10-24 cm3 ; (15)Surface Tension: 61.1 dyne/cm ; (16)Enthalpy of Vaporization: 38.52 kJ/mol ; (17)Vapour Pressure: 4.26 mmHg at 25°C ; (18)Tautomer Count: 2 ; (19)Exact Mass: 102.025169 ; (20)MonoIsotopic Mass: 102.025169 ; (21)Topological Polar Surface Area: 56.2 ; (22)Heavy Atom Count: 6. People can use the following data to convert to the molecule structure.?SMILES: S=C1NCCN1;?InChI: InChI=1/C3H6N2S/c6-3-4-1-2-5-3/h1-2H2,(H2,4,5,6).

The following is the toxicity data which has been tested.

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 200mg/kg (200mg/kg) ? National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD277-689,
mouse LD50 oral 3gm/kg (3000mg/kg) ? Teratology, The International Journal of Abnormal Development. Vol. 21, Pg. 71, 1980.
mouse LD50 unreported 7800mg/kg (7800mg/kg) ? Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 30(5), Pg. 59, 1986.
rat LD50 oral 1832mg/kg (1832mg/kg) ? Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 19, 1972.

5.12 Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
An eye irritant.
5.13 Specification

The 2-Imidazolidinethione is an organic compound with the formula?C3H6N2S. The IUPAC name of this product is?imidazolidine-2-thione?. With the CAS registry number 96-45-7, it is also named as 1,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea ;? 4,5-Dihydro-2-mercaptoimidazole ;?Akrochem etu-22 ;?Ethylene thiourea ;?Mercaptoimidazoline ;?Sodium-22 neoprene accelerator ;?Tetrahydro-2H-imidazole-2-thione ;?Urea, 1,3-ethylene-2-thio- ;?Vulkacit NPV/C ;?NA-22-D .

The 2-Imidazolidinethione is white to pale green crystalline powder?which is slightly soluble in water.?It is?odorless when pure, but technical product may have an amine odor.?This product is combustible. It is incompatible with acids and reducing agents.?And it can?react with acids to liberate hydrogen sulfide. In additoin, it may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light.????

This product is used as rubber accelerator of neoprene rubber, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber, chlorine alcohol rubber and?polyacrylate rubber.?It is also?used as brightener for copper plating and often used in conjunction with acid copper plating brightener M, SPS, etc.?2-Imidazolidinethione is harmful if swallowed.?It may cause harm to the unborn child.?In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)?Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.?

The 2-Imidazolidinethione?can be obtained by the following method. Adding 24 kg?ethylenediamine , 48 kg industrial alcohol , 60 kg?distilled water to reactor?successively. Stirring, slowly adding 32 kg CS2?and?controlling the?temperature at about 60 °C in the dropping process. Warming up to?100 °C after dropping, refluxing 1 h. Then adding 3.6 kg concentrated hydrochloric acid to reflux 9 ~ 10 h. Cooling crystallization. The product?is washed with acetone . The yield?is about 80%?- 85%.

The other characteristics of this product can be summarized as:?(1)ACD/LogP: -0.66 ; (2)# of Rule of 5 Violations: 0 ; (3)ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.66 ; (4)ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.66 ; (5)ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1 ; (6)ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1 ; (7)ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 10.42 ; (8)ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 10.42 ; (9)#H bond acceptors: 2 ; (10)#H bond donors: 2 ; (11)Index of Refraction: 1.625 ; (12)Molar Refractivity: 28.3 cm3 ; (13)Molar Volume: 79.9 cm3 ; (14)Polarizability: 11.21×10-24 cm3 ; (15)Surface Tension: 61.1 dyne/cm ; (16)Enthalpy of Vaporization: 38.52 kJ/mol ; (17)Vapour Pressure: 4.26 mmHg at 25°C ; (18)Tautomer Count: 2 ; (19)Exact Mass: 102.025169 ; (20)MonoIsotopic Mass: 102.025169 ; (21)Topological Polar Surface Area: 56.2 ; (22)Heavy Atom Count: 6. People can use the following data to convert to the molecule structure.?SMILES: S=C1NCCN1;?InChI: InChI=1/C3H6N2S/c6-3-4-1-2-5-3/h1-2H2,(H2,4,5,6).

The following is the toxicity data which has been tested.

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 200mg/kg (200mg/kg) ? National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD277-689,
mouse LD50 oral 3gm/kg (3000mg/kg) ? Teratology, The International Journal of Abnormal Development. Vol. 21, Pg. 71, 1980.
mouse LD50 unreported 7800mg/kg (7800mg/kg) ? Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 30(5), Pg. 59, 1986.
rat LD50 oral 1832mg/kg (1832mg/kg) ? Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 7, Pg. 19, 1972.

5.14 Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 1832 mg/kg (Graham, Hansen)
5. MSDS

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Reproductive toxicity, Category 1B

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

8. Other Information
8.0 用途

Ethylene thiourea is an excellent accelerant of vulcanization of neoprene and polychloroprene rubbers.
8.1 Storage Conditions
Put 24 kg of ethylenediamine, 48 kg of industrial alcohol, and 60 kg of distilled water into the reactor in turn.?Under stirring, slowly add 32 kg CS2, and control the temperature at about 60 ℃ during the dropwise addition.?After the addition of CS2, the temperature was raised to 100 ℃ and refluxed for 1 h.?Then add 3.6 kg concentrated hydrochloric acid and reflux for 9 to 10 hours.?Cool crystallization.?Suction filter was washed and dried with acetone to obtain product.?The yield is about 80% to 85%.
8.2 Storage features
Separated from strong oxidants. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.
8.3 Merck
14,3803
8.4 Chemical Properties
A white powder.
8.5 Chemical Properties
Ethylene thiourea is a white to light green, needle-like crystalline solid with a faint amine odor
8.6 Uses
elastomer accelerator;chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) rubber vulcanizing accelerator agent
8.7 Uses
2-Imidazolidinethione is a pesticide used in production of fruits and vegetables. It is also used as a new contrast agent for MRI studies based on proton chemical exchange dependent saturation transfe r. 2-Imidazolidinethione is also a corrosion inhibitor due to the adsorption of the mol. species.
8.8 Uses
Accelerator in synthetic rubber production.
8.9 General Description
White to pale green crystals or an off-white solid. Odorless when pure, but technical product may have an amine odor.
8.10 Air & Water Reactions
Slightly soluble in water.
8.11 Reactivity Profile
Ethlenethiourea may be sensitive to prolonged exposure to light. Incompatible with acids, diazo and azo compounds, halocarbons, isocyanates, aldehydes, alkali metals, nitrides, hydrides, and other strong reducing agents. Reactions with these materials generate heat and in many cases hydrogen gas. May react with acids to liberate hydrogen sulfide.
8.12 Hazard
Questionable carcinogen.
8.13 Fire Hazard
Ethlenethiourea is combustible.
8.14 Contact allergens
Ethylenethiourea, a thiourea derivative, is a rubber chemical. It caused contact dermatitis mainly in rubber workers.
8.15 Potential Exposure
Ethylene thiourea is used extensively as an accelerator in the curing of polychloroprene (Neoprene) and other elastomers; as a vulcanizing accelerator in rubber processing; in electroplating baths. In addition, exposure to ethylene thiourea also results from the very widely used ethylene bisdithiocarbamate fungicides. Ethylene thiourea may be present as a contaminant in the ethylene bisdithiocarbamate fungicides and can also be formed when food containing the fungicides is cooked
8.16 First aid
Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy
8.17 Shipping
UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required
8.18 Purification Methods
Crystallise it from EtOH or amyl alcohol. [Beilstein 24 III/IV 22.]
8.19 Incompatibilities
Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, acid anhydrides, and acrolein
8.20 Waste Disposal
Incineration in a furnace equipped with afterburner and scrubber.
9. Computational chemical data
  • Molecular Weight: 102.155g/mol
  • Molecular Formula: C3H6N2S
  • Compound Is Canonicalized: True
  • XLogP3-AA: null
  • Exact Mass: 102.02516937
  • Monoisotopic Mass: 102.02516937
  • Complexity: 63.2
  • Rotatable Bond Count: 0
  • Hydrogen Bond Donor Count: 2
  • Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count: 1
  • Topological Polar Surface Area: 56.2
  • Heavy Atom Count: 6
  • Defined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Defined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
  • Isotope Atom Count: 0
  • Covalently-Bonded Unit Count: 1
  • CACTVS Substructure Key Fingerprint: AAADcYBDAABAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAWAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHAQQAAAAAADBAAQBAALAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAkAAIAIAACAQAAAAAAQAAAIEAIAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA==
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  • Purity:99%Packing: 200kg/bag FOB
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11. Realated Product Infomation