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Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate structure
Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate structure

Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate

Iupac Name:iron(2+);sulfate;heptahydrate
CAS No.: 7782-63-0
Molecular Weight:151.9076
Modify Date.: 2022-12-07 16:47
1. Names and Identifiers
1.1 Name
Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate
1.2 Synonyms

Fesofor Greenvitrol Haemofort Iron(II)sulfate(1:1),heptahydrate Ironate Ironvitrol Presfersul

1.3 CAS No.
1.5 Molecular Formula
FeH14O11S (isomer)
1.6 Inchi
1.7 InChkey
1.8 Canonical Smiles
1.9 Isomers Smiles
2. Properties
2.1 Density
1.898 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
2.1 Melting point
64 °C
2.1 StorageTemp
Store at +15°C to +25°C.
3. Safety and Handling
3.1 Hazard Codes
3.1 Risk Statements
3.1 Safety Statements
3.1 WGK Germany

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Skin irritation, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Signal word


Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H315 Causes skin irritation

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

Precautionary statement(s)

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.


P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.




P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification


5. NMR Spectrum
6. Other Information
6.0 Merck
6.1 Chemical properties
Blue-green crystals (monoclinic system) or granules, odorless. Soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol, soluble in anhydrous methanol.
6.2 Applications
As analytical reagent; as raw material for ferrite; raw material to produce magnetic iron oxide, iron(III) oxide and iron blue inorganic pigment, iron catalyst and poly iron sulfate; as chromatographic reagent. In agriculture, it is used as pesticide in agriculture to control wheat smut, scab of apple and bear, fruit tree decay; as fertilizer to remove moss and lichen of food trunk. Medically it is used as local astringent, blood tonic and anti-anemia.  Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate (feed grade) can be used as the iron fortifier for feed additive. Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate (food grade) is used as nutrition supplements, such as iron fortifier, coloring agent for fruit and vegetable. According to Chinese regulation, it can be used in following foods and with allowed amounts:
Sweets with filling and salt: 3000~6000 mg/kg;
Cereals with high iron content and corresponding products (maximum daily consumption 50g): 860~960 mg/kg;
Dairy and infant foods: 300-500 mg/kg;
Cereals and corresponding products: 120~140 mg/kg;
Beverages: 50~100 mg/kg. It is used to produce iron salt, iron oxide pigment, mordant, water purifier, preservatives, disinfectant, etc.
6.3 Preparation
  • By-product Method: byproduct of titanium dioxide production:
Titanite is decomposed with sulfuric acid to obtain titanium dioxide, ferrous sulfate(II) and ferric sulfate (III). Iron (III) compounds are reduced to obtain iron (II) compounds. The mixture is then cooled and crystallized to form ferrous sulfate.
  • Sulfuric acid method
Scrap iron is dissolved with a mixture of diluted sulfuric acid solution and mother solution. The reaction temperature should be below 80°C, otherwise, it results in the sedimentation of ferrous sulfate monohydrate. Clarification is applied to remove impurities from the slightly acidic ferrous sulfate solution. Cooling and centrifugation are carried out obtain light-green ferrous sulfate.
6.4 Category
Toxic substance
6.5 Toxicity Grading
Middle toxic
6.6 Acute Toxicity
Oral-rat LD50: 1389 mg/kg; oral-mouse LD50: 1520 mg/kg.
6.7 Flammability Hazardous Characteristics
Not flammable, change into ferric oxide smoke at high temperature.
6.8 Storage and Transport
Stored in well-ventilated area, low temperature and dry.
6.9 Extinguishing Agent
Water, carbon dioxide, dry powder, sand.
6.10 Description
§184.1315(a) Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate (iron (II) sulfate heptahydrate, FeS04-7H2O) is prepared by the action of sulfuric acid on iron. It occurs as pale, blueish-green crystals or granules. Progressive heating of ferrous sulfate heptahydrate produces ferrous sulfate (dried). Ferrous sulfate (dried) consists primarily of ferrous sulfate monohydrate (CAS No. 17375-41-6) with varying amounts of ferrous sulfate tetrahydrate (CAS No. 20908-72-9) and occurs as a grayish-white to buff-colored powder.
6.11 Chemical Properties
Ferrous sulfate is a greenish or yellowish solid in fine or lumpy crystals.
6.12 Chemical Properties
light blue or light blue-green solid
6.13 Uses
Used in quantitative analysis of nitrates .
6.14 Uses
In manufacture of Fe, Fe Compounds, other sulfates; in Fe electroplating baths; in fertilizer; as food and feed supplement; in radiation dosimeters; as reducing agent in chemical processes; as wood preservative; as weed-killer; in prevention of chlorosis in plants; in other pesticides; in writing ink; in process engraving and lithography; as dye for leather; in etching aluminum; in water treatment; in qualitative analysis ("brown ring" test for nitrates); as polymerization catalyst.
6.15 Uses
Iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate is used as a precursor to prepare other iron compounds such as a lawn conditioner and a mordant for wool dyeing. It is actively used in the manufacture of ink including iron gall ink. As a reducing agent, it participates in the reduction of chromate in cement. It is also used in industrial water treatment plants to remove phosphate. It is also used in the gold refining process to precipitate metallic gold. Woodworkers use aqueous solutions of ferrous sulfate to color maple wood a silvery hue. It finds application in the treatment of iron chlorosis, which arises due to deficiency of iron in horticulture.
6.16 Definition
ChEBI: A hydrate that is the heptahydrate form of iron(2+) sulfate. It is used as a source of iron in the treatment of iron-deficiency anaemia (generally in liquid-dosage treatments; for solid-dosage treatments, the monohydrate is normally used).
6.17 General Description
A greenish or yellow-brown crystalline solid. Density 15.0 lb /gal. Melts at 64°C and loses the seven waters of hydration at 90°C. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Used for water or sewage treatment, as a fertilizer ingredient.
6.18 Air & Water Reactions
Water soluble
6.19 Reactivity Profile
Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate is a weak reducing agent.
6.20 Health Hazard
INGESTION: abdominal pain, retching, diarrhea, dehydration, shock, pallor, cyanosis, rapid or weak pulse, shallow respiration, low blood pressure.
6.21 Safety Profile
Poison by intravenous, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion and rectal routes. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx.
6.22 Potential Exposure
It is used as a fertilizer, food or feed additive; and in herbicides; process engraving; dyeing, and water treatment. A byproduct of various chemical and metal treating operations.
6.23 Purification Methods
Crystallise the sulfate from 0.4M H2SO4, or precipitate it from an aqueous solution with EtOH. It is efflorescent in dry air, and is converted to the tetrahydrate at 57o, then to the monohydrate at 65o (or by heating the heptahydrate in a vacuum at 140o). It forms a brown-black complex, FeSO4.NO, with nitric oxide and is used in a qualitative test for nitrates (“brown ring” test).
6.24 Incompatibilities
Aqueous solution is acidic. Contact with alkalies form iron. Keep away from alkalies, soluble carbo nates; gold and silver salts; lead acetate; lime water, potassium iodide; potassium and sodium tartrate; sodium borate; tannin.
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