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Home> Encyclopedia >Food Additives>Pharmaceutical Intermediates>Paraffin
Mineral oil structure
Mineral oil structure

Mineral oil

Iupac Name:2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)chromenylium-3,5,7-triol;chloride
CAS No.: 8042-47-5
Molecular Weight:338.696
Modify Date.: 2022-11-29 04:57
Introduction: For routine PCR amplifications. Minimizes evaporation of reactions run in PCR instruments without heated lids. View more+
1. Names and Identifiers
1.1 Name
Mineral oil
1.2 Synonyms

Blank Sulfur Oil Standard in Base Oil, For Diesel Fuel Analysis B-LUFA LC ELUENT C-LUFA BUFFER LC ELUENT Density Standard 870 kg/m3 LIQUID PETROLATUM MFCD00131611 Mineral oil suitable for preparation of Nujol mulls for infrared spectroscopy, light oil Mineral oil Petrolatum liquid White mineral oil Paraffin oil Paraffin oil Parol 70

1.3 CAS No.
1.5 Molecular Formula
C15H11ClO7 (isomer)
2. Properties
2.1 Density
2.1 Melting point
2.1 Boiling point
0° F (NIOSH, 2016)
2.1 Refractive index
2.1 Flash Point
220 ºC
2.1 Precise Quality
2.1 PSA
2.1 logP
2.1 Appearance
white; light oil
2.2 Storage


2.3 Chemical Properties
Heavy white oil
2.4 Color/Form
2.5 Odor
Very faint.
2.6 Water Solubility
H2O: insoluble
2.7 StorageTemp
room temp
3. Use and Manufacturing
3.1 Chemical Reactivity
Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
3.2 Potential Exposure
Mineral oil is used in cosmetics,pharmaceutical bases; food, and fiber production; ascarriers and bases; as a lubricating oil and as a solvent forinks in the printing industry. Oil mist would be encounteredin quenching of hot metal parts and in metal machiningoperations.
3.3 Usage
For routine PCR amplifications. Minimizes evaporation of reactions run in PCR instruments without heated lids.
3.4 Waste Disposal
Dissolve or mix thematerial with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemicalincinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber.All federal, state, and local environmental regulationsmust be observed. Mineral oil Preparation Products And Raw materials Raw materials
4. Safety and Handling
4.1 Hazard Codes
4.1 Risk Statements
4.1 Safety Statements
4.1 Packing Group
4.1 Hazard Class
4.1 Hazard Declaration
4.1 Safety Profile
Highly purified foodgrades are of low toxicity. Questionablecarcinogen. When heated to decompositionit emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
4.2 Caution Statement
P201, P202, P261, P264, P271, P280, P281, P302+P352, P304+P312, P304+P340, P308+P313, P312, P321, P332+P313, P362, P405, P501
4.2 Incompatibilities
Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates,nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine,bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions.Keep away from alkaline materials, strong acids(especially nitric acid), strong bases.
4.3 WGK Germany
4.3 Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 5000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 2000 mg/kg

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)


Precautionary statement(s)








2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification


6. Other Information
6.0 Usage
Mineral oil is used as an overlay covering microdrops of culture medium in petri dishes. It is an active ingredient in baby lotions, cold creams, ointments and cosmetics. It is also used in electrical and mechanical industries as thermal fluid in electrical components and non -conductive coolant. It finds application as a transformer oil, as an anti rust agent for blades and as an insulator in high voltage switchgear. Further, it is used to store reactive metals like lithium, sodium, etc and in X-ray crystallography to suspend crystals.
6.1 Usage
White Mineral Oils find use in a wide variety of industries and applications including personal care products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food processing and plastics. It can be used as a plasticizer, catalyst carrier and pigment dispersant. Mineral oils are used in several mechanical and industrial capacities as thermal fluid or non-conductive coolants in electric components because they do not conduct electricity but do displace air and water. It is used in medicinal or cosmetic applications or food processing and fulfils stringent purity requirements of different pharmacopoeias.
6.2 Chemical Properties
Heavy white oil
6.3 Chemical Properties
Mineral oil mist is a colorless, oily liquid aerosol dispersed in air with an odor like burned lubricating oil. The odor threshold is 1.0 ppm.
6.4 Uses
For routine PCR amplifications. Minimizes evaporation of reactions run in PCR instruments without heated lids.
6.5 Uses
mineral oil is an emollient cleanser and demulsifier of dirt trapped in pores. Mineral oil is excellent for use in cleansers. In leave-on cosmetics, its comedogenicity or lack thereof appears related to the level of raw material refinement; therefore, some suppliers state that their product is non-comedogenic. When used in leave-on preparations, mineral oil’s occlusive capability is considered to help improve the epidermal barrier function. This is a clear, odorless oil derived from petroleum and is not known to cause allergic reactions.
6.6 Indications
Fecal softeners are substances that are not absorbed from the alimentary canal and act by increasing the bulk of the feces and softening the stool so that it is easier to pass. Mineral oil has been in use for many years, either as the oil or as a white emulsion; it is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons. Its use has been criticized for many reasons. It dissolves the fat-soluble vitamins and prevents their absorption.
6.7 Brand name
Balneol (Solvay Pharmaceuticals); Neo-Cultol (Fisons); Nujol (Schering-Plough HealthCare).
6.8 General Description
Sigma′s Blue-White Select? Screening Reagent is a chromogenic substrate for β-galactosidase, used to determine the presence or absence of a cloned DNA insert in bacteria growing on agar plates. Blue-White Select? Screening Reagent is designed for blue-white selection of recombinant bacterial colonies with the lac+ phenotype.
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8. Realated Product Infomation