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Home> Hot Product Listed C   > Castor oil

Castor oil

CAS No.:8001-79-4
EINECS(EC#):232-293-8
Molecular Weight:298.4608
Molecular Formula:C18H34O3 (Products with the same molecular formula)
Names and Identifiers
Synonyms

Castor oil, PharmaCastor Oil No. 1NCI-C55163Castor oilRefined castor (Ricinus communis) oil USPDehydrated Castor Oil Fatty AcidRicinus oil

Inchi
InChI=1S/C18H34O3.C18H34O2.C18H32O2/c1-2-3-4-11-14-17(19)15-12-9-7-5-6-8-10-13-16-18(20)21;2*1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18(19)20/h9,12,17,19H,2-8,10-11,13-16H2,1H3,(H,20,21);9-10H,2-8,11-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20);7-10H,2-6,11-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20)/b12-9+;10-9+;8-7+,10-9+
Canonical Smiles
CCCCCCCCC=CCCCCCCCC(=O)O.CCCCCCC=CC=CCCCCCCCC(=O)O.CCCCCCC(CC=CCCCCCCCC(=O)O)O
Isomers Smiles
CCCCCCCC/C=C/CCCCCCCC(=O)O.CCCCCC/C=C/C=C/CCCCCCCC(=O)O.CCCCCCC(C/C=C/
CCCCCCCC(=O)O)O
Properties
Appearance
Light yellow viscous liquid.
Density
0.959
Melting Point
-12℃
Boiling Point
313℃
Refractive Index
n20/D 1.478(lit.)
Flash Point
229℃
Water
<0.1 g/100 mL at 20 ºC
Solubilities
<0.1 g/100 mL at 20 oC
Color/Form
Pale-yellowish or almost colorless, transparent, viscous liquid
Stability
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. May be light sensitive.
Storage temp
Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Spectral properties
Dextrorotatory (undiluted in sodium light)
Index of refraction: 1.473-1.477 at 25 deg C/D; 1.466-1.473 at 40 deg C/D
Dextrorotary
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
Undergoes spontaneous heating.
Safety Statements
S24/25
Safety

An allergen. A human skin and eye irritant. Combustible when exposed to heat. Spontaneous heating may occur. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical, fog, mist.

Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
A human skin and eye irritant.
Castor oil was mildly irritating to the skin of human subjects.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause skin irritation. May cause eye irritation.
Cleanup Methods
SRP: Wastewater from contaminant suppression, cleaning of protective clothing/equipment, or contaminated sites should be contained and evaluated for subject chemical or decomposition product concentrations. Concentrations shall be lower than applicable environmental discharge or disposal criteria. Alternatively, pretreatment and/or discharge to a permitted wastewater treatment facility is acceptable only after review by the governing authority and assurance that "pass through" violations will not occur. Due consideration shall be given to remediation worker exposure (inhalation, dermal and ingestion) as well as fate during treatment, transfer and disposal. If it is not practicable to manage the chemical in this fashion, it must be evaluated in accordance with EPA 40 CFR Part 261, specifically Subpart B, in order to determine the appropriate local, state and federal requirements for disposal.
Spillages are slippery and should be covered with an inert absorbant before collection and disposal.
Personal precautions: Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas.
Environmental precautions: Do not let product enter drains.
Methods for cleaning up: Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
Fire Fighting Procedures
To fight fire, use /carbon dioxide/, dry chemical, fog, mist.
Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Special protective equipment for fire-fighters: Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
Fire Potential
Combustible when exposed to heat. Spontaneous heating may occur.
Formulations/Preparations
EmCon CO
Lipovol CO
Official preparations are castor oil, USP, and aromatic castor oil, NF. Although the objectionable taste of the oil is partially masked in the latter preparation, flavored castor oil emulsions are somewhat more palatable.
Grades: USP Number 1; Number 3; Refined; FCC.
Fatty acid composition is approx ricinoleic 87%, oleic 7%, linoleic 3%, palmitic 2%, stearic 1%, and dihydroxystearic trace amounts.
Castor oil quality and specifications prescribed by the International Castor Oil Association, Inc.: pale oil, No. 1 oil, No. 2 oil, and No. 3 oil.
If chilled castor oil is taken with fruit juice or a carbonated beverage is consumed immediately thereafter, tolerance is improved. Neoloid, a mint-flavored emulsion of castor oil, also may be more palatable.
Exposure Standards and Regulations
The following substances may be safely used as diluents in color additive mixtures for food use exempt from certification, subject to the condition that each straight color in the mixture has been exempted from certification or, if not so exempted, is from a batch that has previously been certified and has not changed in composition since certification. If a specification for a particular diluent is not set forth in this part 73, the material shall be of a purity consistent with its intended use. (a) General use. (1) Substances that are generally recognized as safe under the conditions set forth in section 201(s) of the act. (2) Substances meeting the definitions and specifications set forth under subchapter B of this chapter, and which are used only as prescribed by such regulations. ... Substance: Castor oil; Definitions and specifications: As set forth in U.S.P. XVI; Restrictrions: Not more than 500 p.p.m. in the finished food. Labeling of color additive mixtures containing castor oil shall bear adequate directions for use that will result in a food meeting this restriction.
The food additive castor oil may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a) The additive meets the specifications of the United States Pharmacopeia XX (1980). (b) The additive is used or intended for use as follows: Use and Limitations: Hard candy production -- As a release agent and antisticking agent, not to exceed 500 parts per million in hard candy; Vitamin and mineral tablets -- As a component of protective coatings.
Natural flavoring substances and natural adjuvants may be safely used in food in accordanace with the following conditions. (a) They are used in the minimum quantity required to produce their intended physical or technical effect and in accordance with all the principles of good manufacturing practice. (b) In the appropriate forms (plant paarts, fluid and solid extracts, concretes, absolutes, oils, gums, balsams, resins, oleoresins, waxes, and distillates) they consist of one or more of the following, used alone or in combination with flavoring substances and adjuvants generally recognized as safe in food, previously sanctioned for such use, or regulated in any section of this part. Castor oil in included on this list.
The Generic Animal Drug and Patent Restoration act requires that each sponsor of an approved animal drug must submit to the FDA certain information regarding patents held for the animal drug or its method of use. The Act requires that this information, as well as a list of all animal drug products approved for safety and effectiveness, be made available to the public. Castor oil is included on this list.
Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Materials to avoid: Strong oxidizing agents.
Other Preventative Measures
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses by industrial workers is inconsistent. The benefits or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
Handling: Normal measures for preventive fire protection.
In case of skin contact: Wash off with soap and plenty of water.
In case of eye contact: Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
Hygiene measures: General industrial hygiene practice.
Protective Equipment and Clothing
Respiratory protection: Respiratory protection is not required. Where protection is desired, use multi-purpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
Hand protection: For prolonged or repeated contact use protective gloves.
Eye protection: Safety glasses.
Specification

Background of?Castor oil (CAS NO.8001-79-4):
Structure of the major component of castor oil.Ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated, 18-carbon fatty acid, is unusual in that it has a hydroxyl functional group on the twelfth carbon. This functional group causes ricinoleic acid (and castor oil) to be unusually polar, and also allows chemical derivatization that is not practical with most other seed oils. It is the hydroxyl group which makes castor oil and ricinoleic acid valuable as chemical feedstocks. Compared to other seed oils which lack the hydroxyl group, castor oil commands a higher price.

Report

CASTOR OIL is reported in EPA TSCA Inventory.

Disposal Methods
SRP: Criteria for land treatment or burial (sanitary landfill) disposal practices are subject to significant revision. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue (including waste sludge), consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices.
Observe all federal, state, and local environmental regulations.
Reach Info
Globally, no enterprise has officially registered the substance REACH.
Other official information: ·ECHA Information Page for CAS: 8001-79-4 EC: 232-293-8 Castor oil ·ECHA C&L Inventory for CAS: CAS: 8001-79-4 EC: 232-293-8 Castor oil
MSDS

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 2,3-bis[[(Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoyl]oxy]propyl (Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Ricinum communis oil

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Adhesives and sealant chemicals,Lubricants and lubricant additives,Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company WWW.GuideChem.COM
Address 8F, Block C, No.3 Building, Zijin Plaza, No.701, Gudun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310030, China
Telephone +86-571-89739798
Fax 86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-571-89739798
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
2,3-bis[[(Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoyl]oxy]propyl (Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoate 2,3-bis[[(Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoyl]oxy]propyl (Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoate 8001-79-4 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

If ingested causes severe diarrhea. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR if necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on the left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Hydrocarbon Blends, Mixtures, and Related Compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

To fight fire, use /carbon dioxide/, dry chemical, fog, mist.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Collect leaking liquid in covered containers.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

SRP: Wastewater from contaminant suppression, cleaning of protective clothing/equipment, or contaminated sites should be contained and evaluated for subject chemical or decomposition product concentrations. Concentrations shall be lower than applicable environmental discharge or disposal criteria. Alternatively, pretreatment and/or discharge to a permitted wastewater treatment facility is acceptable only after review by the governing authority and assurance that "pass through" violations will not occur. Due consideration shall be given to remediation worker exposure (inhalation, dermal and ingestion) as well as fate during treatment, transfer and disposal. If it is not practicable to manage the chemical in this fashion, it must be evaluated in accordance with EPA 40 CFR Part 261, specifically Subpart B, in order to determine the appropriate local, state and federal requirements for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Castor oil should be stored at a temperature not exceeding 25\u00b0C in well-filled airtight containers, protected from light.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Light yellow viscous liquid.
Colour Pale-yellowish or almost colorless, transparent, viscous liquid
Odour Faint, mild odor
Melting point/ freezing point -12\u00baC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 313\u00b0C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point >113\u00b0C
Auto-ignition temperature 448.89\u00b0C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity At 25\u00b0C: 6-8 poises, also expressed as U +/- 1/2 (Gardner-Holdt scale)
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 20\u00b0C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure no data available
Density and/or relative density 0.961g/mLat 25\u00b0C
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Has excellent keeping qualities, does not turn rancid unless subjected to excessive heat[The Merck Index, Fourteenth Edition (2006)

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Combustible when exposed to heat. Spontaneous heating may occur.CASTOR OIL can develop heat spontaneously in the air. [Hawley]. Reacts with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Heat is also generated by interaction with caustic solutions. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions: Carbon oxides.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: unknown
IMDG: unknown
IATA: unknown

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
2,3-bis[[(Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoyl]oxy]propyl (Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoate 2,3-bis[[(Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoyl]oxy]propyl (Z)-12-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoate 8001-79-4 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:861.3676 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C54H100O7
H-Bond Donor:4
H-Bond Acceptor:7
Rotatable Bond Count:44
Exact Mass:860.746906
MonoIsotopic Mass:860.746906
Topological Polar Surface Area:132
Heavy Atom Count:61
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:761
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:1
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:4
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:3