Related Searches: Maltodextrin

Maltodextrin(CAS No. 9050-36-6)

Maltodextrin Unspecified (cas 9050-36-6) Molecular Structure

9050-36-6 Structure

Identification and Related Records

【Name】
Maltodextrin
【CAS Registry number】
9050-36-6
【Synonyms】
Amidex DE 10
C Pharm 01980
C*De Light01970
C*deLight F 01970
C-Pur 01915
C-Pur 01921
Cerestar PUR 01915
Dextrin, malto
Fibersol 2(E)
Frodex 10
Glister
Glucidex 12
Glucidex19
Glucidex 2
Glucidex 2B
Glucidex47
Glucidex D 12
Glucidex IT 19
Glucidex IT 6
Instant N-Oil II
K 8
Lodex 5
Lycadex 200
M 01960
MD01318
Maldex 15
Maldex 180
Maldex 30
Malta-Gran TG
Maltiva
Maltodextrin I
Maltotab
Maltrin
Maltrin 100
Maltrin 250
Maltrin 365
Maltrin M 040
Maltrin M150
Maltrin M 520
Maltrin QD-M 550
Mor-rex 1918
Nipodex 42
Paselli SA 2
Pinedex 2
Pinedex GSP
Polycose
Rice*Trin 3DE
Sandec 180
Soludex 15
Star Dri 1
Star Dri 100
Star Dri 15
Star Dri 5
TK 16 (carbohydrate)
【EINECS(EC#)】
232-940-4
【Molecular Formula】
Unspecified (Products with the same molecular formula)
【Molecular Weight】
0
【Inchi】
InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6+/m0/s1
【Canonical SMILES】
C(C(C(C(C(C=O)O)O)O)O)O
【Isomers smiles】
C([C@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](C=O)O)O)O)O)O
【MOL File】
9050-36-6.mol

Chemical and Physical Properties

【Appearance】
yellow powder
【Density】
1.581g/cm3
【Melting Point】
240℃ (dec.)
【Boiling Point】
527.1°Cat760mmHg
【Flash Point】
286.7°C
【Solubilities】
SOL IN HOT METHANOL; SOL IN HOT PYRIDINE; SLIGHTLY SOL IN ACETONE; SOL IN WATER; SOL IN HOT ALC
Slightly soluble in alcohol.
In water, ... below a temperature of ca 100 deg C, the stable, crystalline form of D-glucose is the alpha-form, which crystallizes as a monohydrate below ca 50 deg C, above ca 100 deg C, the beta-anhydrous form, is most stable.
water solubility = 1.2X10+6 mg/l @ 30 deg C
【Color/Form】
yellow
【Spectral properties】
SPECIFIC OPTICAL ROTATION: +52.7 (WATER) @ 20 DEG C/D; MAX ABSORPTION (WATER): 282 NM (LOG E= 1.2); SADTLER REFERENCE NUMBER: 5455 (IR, PRISM); 199 (IR, GRATING)
IR: 95 (Coblentz Society Spectral Collection)
UV: 6-92 (Organic Electronic Spectral Data, Phillips et al, John Wiley & Sons, New York)
NMR: 6245 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection)
MASS: 894 (National Bureau of Standards EPA-NIH Mass Spectra Data Base, NSRDS-NBS-63)
It has the D (right-handed) configuration and is dextrorotary.
【Computed Properties】
Molecular Weight:180.15588 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C6H12O6
XLogP3:-2.9
H-Bond Donor:5
H-Bond Acceptor:6
Rotatable Bond Count:5
Tautomer Count:6
Exact Mass:180.063388
MonoIsotopic Mass:180.063388
Topological Polar Surface Area:118
Heavy Atom Count:12
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:138
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:4
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Feature 3D Acceptor Count:6
Feature 3D Donor Count:5
Effective Rotor Count:5
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.6
CID Conformer Count:42

Safety and Handling

【Safety Statements 】
S24/25
【Safety】

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
Safety Statements: 24/25?
S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK Germany: 3
RTECS: HH9450000

【Formulations/Preparations】
Grade: Technical, USP, anhydrous, hydrated
d-GLucose is generally believed to exist in three crystalline forms; anhydrous alpha and beta-D-glucose crystals are both orthorhombic while beta-D-glucose monohydrate crystals are monoclinic.
(1) solid-high-glucose syrups (total sugar) and (2) high purity crystals grown in and then separated from glucose-bearing syrups /Crystalline glucose/
Grades: monohydrate; liquid; anhydrous
【Exposure Standards and Regulations】
Substance added directly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
【Reactivities and Incompatibilities】
REACTS VIOLENTLY WITH (SODIUM PEROXIDE + POTASSIUM NITRATE).
【Specification】

? Maltodextrin (CAS NO.9050-36-6), its Synonyms are Fibersol 2(E) ; Instant Stellar ; Lycatab ; Maldex 15 ; Maltodextrins .

【Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient】
log Kow= -3.24
【Disposal Methods】
SRP: At the time of review, criteria for land treatment or burial (sanitary landfill) disposal practices are subject to significant revision. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue (including waste sludge), consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices.

Use and Manufacturing

【Use and Manufacturing】
Methods of Manufacturing

OBTAINED FROM STARCH VIA HYDROLYSIS
...RECENT EXTENSIVE APPLICATION OF AMYLOLYTIC ENZYMES IS THE USE OF FUNGAL GLUCOAMYLASE FOR PRODUCTION OF DEXTROSE FROM STARCH. ALL MAJOR DEXTROSE MFR ARE NOW EMPLOYING GLUCOAMYLASE INSTEAD OF CLASSICAL ACID CONVERSION PROCESS.
COMMERCIALLY BY ACTION OF VERY WEAK SULFURIC ACID OR HYDROCHLORIC ACID ON STARCH.
Total hydrolysis of cellulose or hemicellulose yields simple sugars, primarily glucose, xylose and mannose.
Manuf on a large scale from starch: Dean, Gottfried, Advan Carbohyd Chem 5, 127 (1950).
Hydrolysis of cornstarch with acids or enzymes, hydrolysis of cellulosic wastes.
U.S. Exports

(1972) 2.65X10+9 GRAMS (MINUS PHARMACEUTICALS)
(1975) 2.04X10+9 GRAMS (MINUS PHARMACEUTICALS)
(1984) 1.69X10+10 g /dextrose and glucose sirup/
U.S. Imports

(1972) 2.03X10+8 GRAMS
(1975) 2.00X10+8 GRAMS
(1984) 1.10X10+10 g /dextrose and dextrose syrup combined/
Consumption Patterns

APPROXIMATELY 100% AS A NUTRIENT AND FLUID REPLENISHER
In 10+3 t, commercial basis: (1965) 467; (1970) 549; (1975) 562; (1980) 512; (1982) 481; (1983) 490; (1984) 467; (1985) 478; (1986) 510 /Crystalline glucose/
In 10+3 t, commercial basis, Bakery: (1965) 177; (1970) 172; (1975) 159; (1980) 50; (1982) 50; (1983) 54; (1984) 54; (1985) 57; (1986) 73 /Crystalline glucose/
In 10+3 t, commercial basis, Beverage: (1965) 9; (1970) 9; (1975) 18; (1980) 68; (1982) 77; (1983) 82; (1984) 86; (1985) 82; (1986) 79 /Crystalline glucose/
In 10+3 t, commercial basis, Canning: (1965) 23; (1970) 23; (1975) 14; (1980) 5; (1982) 5; (1983) 5; (1984) 5; (1985) 2; (1986) 2 /Crystalline glucose/
In 10+3 t, commercial basis, Confectionary: (1965) 36; (1970) 50; (1975) 63; (1980) 54; (1982) 50; (1983) 63; (1984) 68; (1985) 59; (1986) 59 /Crystalline glucose/
In 10+3 t, commercial basis, Dairy: (1965) 5; (1970) 7; (1975) 7; (1980) 2; (1982) 2; (1983) 2; (1984) 1; (1985) 1; (1986) 1 /Crystalline glucose/

Biomedical Effects and Toxicity

【Therapeutic Uses】
SOLN CONTAINING 20% & 50% DEXTROSE ARE USED TO TREAT CEREBRAL EDEMA & SHOCK, AS SCLEROSING AGENTS, TO CAUSE POTASSIUM TO SHIFT INTO CELLS, & TO PROVIDE CALORIES IN TPN.
DEXTROSE IS ADMIN PARENTERALLY TO PROVIDE NUTRIMENT & WATER WHEN ORAL FEEDING IS NOT FEASIBLE. IT USUALLY IS ADMIN IV AS 5% AQ INFUSION, WHICH IS APPROX ISOTONIC WITH BLOOD & PROVIDES CA 170 CAL/L.
A 50% SOLN...INJECTED IV...TO REDUCE ELEVATED CSF PRESSURE, & WITH INSULIN INJECTION IN MGMNT OF DIABETIC COMA. ...2.5% DEXTROSE WITH 0.45% SODIUM CHLORIDE IS USED IN TREATMENT OF DIABETIC ACIDOSIS. ...ORALLY FOR TUBE FEEDING, RECTAL FEEDINGS FOR CONTROLLING DIABETIC HYPOGLYCEMIA, & AS GENERAL DIETARY ADJUNCT.
DEXTROSE 5% OR SODIUM CHLORIDE 0.11% TO 0.45% WITH DEXTROSE 5% IN WATER IS PREFERRED SOLN FOR IV THERAPY WHEN THERE HAS BEEN LOSS OF WATER IN EXCESS OF SODIUM. SOLN CONTAINING 10% DEXTROSE ALSO ARE USED TO PROVIDE MORE NUTRIMENT IN LESS VOL...
FOR...SEVERE HYPOGLYCEMIA, 50 TO 100 ML OF 50% DEXTROSE SOLN SHOULD BE ADMIN IV... IN UNCONSCIOUS OR STUPOROUS PATIENTS, IV ADMIN OF 50% DEXTROSE IS TREATMENT OF CHOICE...
ON SURFACE OF EYE, 30% TO 50% GLUCOSE SOLN HAS BEEN USED SUCCESSFULLY IN RELIEVING CORNEAL EDEMA IN PATIENTS... IT HAS BEEN USED AS EYEDROPS, OCULAR BATH, OR OINTMENT.
DURING PERIODS OF INANITION, IV INJECTION OF ISOTONIC SOLN OF DEXTROSE PROVIDES BOTH FLUID & CARBOHYDRATE. BODY PROTEIN IS SPARED & STARVATION KETOSIS & ACIDOSIS ARE PREVENTED. ... HYPERTONIC SOLN OF DEXTROSE ARE ALSO ADMIN IV TO INITIATE OSMOTIC DIURESIS.
MEDICATION (VET): IV, AS QUICK ENERGY SOURCE...IN ACETONEMIA OR KETOSIS & ACIDOSIS OF CATTLE & SHEEP...IN HYPOGLYCEMIA OF NEWBORN...IN PREVENTION & TREATMENT OF POISONING BY TETRACHLORETHYLENE, CARBON TETRACHLORIDE, CHLOROFORM...AID IN DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS BETWEEN DEPRESSION IN DOG FROM INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS & DISTEMPER...
MEDICATION (VET): ...AS ANTIDOTE TO INSULIN OR SULFONYLUREA SHOCK & VON GIERKE-LIKE SYNDROMES IN DOGS...AS DIURETIC TO RELIEVE INTRACRANIAL PRESSURES & IN POISONINGS BY USE OF HYPERTONIC SOLN...USED TO OVERCOME DEHYDRATION OR USED IN STATES OF EXHAUSTION, CONVALESCENCE, & MALNUTRITION.
MEDICATION (VET): TOPICALLY, 50% SOLN OR POWDER HAS BEEN USED /PRC: RARELY/ ON SLOW HEALING WOUNDS OR ULCERS TO DRAW LYMPH ONTO THEIR SURFACE...
Dextrose gel or chewable tablets are used orally for the management of hypoglycemia in conscious diabetics.
【Biomedical Effects and Toxicity】
FACILITATED DIFFUSION INVOLVES CARRIER SUBSTANCE WITHIN PLACENTA, WHICH ACTS TO INCR RATE OF TRANSFER BEYOND THAT WHICH WOULD BE EXPECTED... GLUCOSE IS APPARENTLY TRANSFERRED IN THIS MANNER. ...NO METABOLIC ENERGY MAY BE REQUIRED, & TRANSFER IS IN DIRECTION OF CONCN GRADIENT.
WHEN EXCESSES ARE GIVEN IV BLOOD SUGAR VALUES USUALLY RETURN NEAR NORMAL WITHIN AN HOUR OR TWO, MOST OF EXCESS HAVING BEEN ELIMINATED THROUGH KIDNEYS, & CA 40% DIALYZES INTO TISSUES WITH SMALL AMT DESTROYED BY OXIDATION.
RATE OF UTILIZATION OF DEXTROSE VARIES CONSIDERABLY FROM PT TO PT. AS AN APPROX GUIDE...AVG MAXIMAL RATE OF UTILIZATION MAY BE 800 MG/KG OF BODY WT/HR (16 ML/KG/HR OF 5% INJECTION).
WHEN GIVEN @ HOURLY RATE OF 800 MG/KG, APPROX 95% OF GLUCOSE IS RETAINED; @ HALF THIS RATE, 100% RETENTION IS ACHIEVED.
Following oral admin, dextrose, a monosaccharide, is rapidly absorbed from the small intestine principally by an active mechanism. In patients with hypoglycemia, increases in blood glucose concn usually occur with in 10-20 min & peak at about 40 min after oral admin of dextrose.
DEXTROSE IN GLOMERULAR FILTRATE IN EXCESS OF THAT WHICH CAN BE REABSORBED BY RENAL TUBULE CAUSES EXCRETION OF AN OSMOTIC EQUIVALENT OF WATER. ADDITIONAL QUANTITIES OF EXTRACELLULAR ELECTROLYTE ALSO ESCAPE RENAL TUBULAR REABSORPTION DURING OSMOTIC DIURESIS.

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