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Home> Hot Product Listed R   > Ribavirin

Ribavirin

CAS No.:36791-04-5
Molecular Weight:244.21
Molecular Formula:C8H12N4O5 (Products with the same molecular formula)
MOL File:36791-04-5.mol
Properties
Appearance
Colourless Solid
Density
2.08 g/cm3
Melting Point
174-176℃
Boiling Point
639.8 oC at 760 mmHg
Refractive Index
-36 ° (C=1, H2O)
Flash Point
340.7oC
Water
>=10 g/100 mL at 19℃
Solubilities
>=10 g/100 mL at 19 oC
Color/Form
Colorless
White crystalline powder
Stability
No data.
Storage temp
2-8°C
Spectral properties
Specific optical rotation: -36.5 deg at 25 deg C/D
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
Mildly toxic by ingestion. An experimental teratogen.
Risk Statements
R61
Safety Statements
53-22-45-37/39-26
Safety

Other safty informations of Ribavirin (36791-04-5):
Hazard Codes?:ToxicT,IrritantXi
Risk Statements?:
? R61: May cause harm to the unborn child
? R36/38 :Irritating to eyes and skin
Safety Statements?:
? S53:Avoid exposure - obtain special instruction before use
? S22:Do not breathe dust
? S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)
? S37/39:Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection
? S26 :In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
WGK Germany: 3
?

Formulations/Preparations
Vials, 6 g Delivered /as an aerosol/ to an infant oxygen hood (or administered by face mask or oxygen tent if necessary). Is administered using a small particle aerosol generator (model SPAG-2) ... .
Oral: Capsules: 200 mg Rebetol (Schering); Tablets, film-coated: 200 mg Copegus (Roche).
Nasal and Oral Inhalation: For inhalation solution: 6 g Virazole (Valeant).
Successfully administered by topical, parenteral, oral, and aerosol routes.
Exposure Standards and Regulations
Manufacturers, packers, and distributors of drug and drug products for human use are responsible for complying with the labeling, certification, and usage requirements as prescribed by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended (secs 201-902, 52 Stat. 1040 et seq., as amended; 21 U.S.C. 321-392).
The Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations List identifies currently marketed prescription drug products, incl ribavirin, approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by FDA under sections 505 and 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Other Preventative Measures
Ribavirin can precipitate on contact lenses of health-care personnel exposed to aerosolized drug, and such precipitation may be associated with conjunctivitis. Therefore, it has been suggested that contact lens wearers use eyeglasses rather than contact lenses or, alternatively, use protective goggles while potentially in contact with aerosolized ribavirin.
Because of uncertainties about potential risk, procedures to minimize environmental exposure to aerosolized ribavirin generally should be developed. Whenever possible, patients receiving ribavirin inhalation therapy should be located in rooms where potential exposure of personnel and other patients is minimized (e.g., private rooms with adequate ventilation or, preferably, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [NIOSH] recommends isolation rooms that are under negative pressure and have adequate air exchange and exhaust to the outside).
In deciding the method of administration of ribavirin inhalation therapy, current data on associated exposure levels should be considered, and, whenever possible, methods associated with the lowest levels of exposure employed. Except when immediate care is necessary, the small-particle aerosol generator should be turned off (using a remote switch) temporarily, but for at least 5-10 minutes before entering the room, when attending to the patient and when handling the respiratory apparatus. In addition, the air pressure of the ribavirin treatment room should be evaluated (e.g., using tissue paper at the ajar doorway) and ideally be negative relative to the hallway prior to initiation of a treatment session. An aerosol delivery hood intended for use in administering oxygen and aerosolized ribavirin and that includes a vacuum exhaust filtration system has recently become available from the manufacturer of ribavirin (Valeant) and reportedly can substantially reduce the risk of aerosol emission into the environment during ribavirin inhalation therapy.
Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = -1.85
Disposal Methods
SRP: The most favorable course of action is to use an alternative chemical product with less inherent propensity for occupational exposure or environmental contamination. Recycle any unused portion of the material for its approved use or return it to the manufacturer or supplier. Ultimate disposal of the chemical must consider: the material's impact on air quality; potential migration in soil or water; effects on animal, aquatic, and plant life; and conformance with environmental and public health regulations.
Reach Info
Globally, no enterprise has officially registered the substance REACH.
Other official information: ·ECHA Information Page for CAS: 36791-04-5 EC: Ribavirin ·ECHA C&L Inventory for CAS: CAS: 36791-04-5 EC: Ribavirin
MSDS

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 11, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 11, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name ribavirin

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names RTC

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company WWW.GuideChem.COM
Address 8F, Block C, No.3 Building, Zijin Plaza, No.701, Gudun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310030, China
Telephone +86-571-89739798
Fax 86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-571-89739798
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Eye irritation, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity \u2013 single exposure, Category 3

Germ cell mutagenicity, Category 2

Reproductive toxicity, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity \u2013 repeated exposure, Category 2

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects

H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child

H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

Storage

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
ribavirin ribavirin 36791-04-5 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

no data available

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colourless Solid
Colour no data available
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point 680\u00b0C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 253\u00b0C
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 98\u00b0C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility no data available
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure no data available
Density and/or relative density 2.08 g/cm3
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

no data available

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: unknown
IMDG: unknown
IATA: unknown

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
ribavirin ribavirin 36791-04-5 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Not Listed.
EC Inventory Not Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Not Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Not Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Not Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 11, 2017
Revision Date Aug 11, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Precursor and Product
Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:244.20468 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C8H12N4O5
XLogP3:-1.8
H-Bond Donor:4
H-Bond Acceptor:5
Rotatable Bond Count:3
Tautomer Count:2
Exact Mass:244.08077
MonoIsotopic Mass:244.08077
Topological Polar Surface Area:144
Heavy Atom Count:17
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:304
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:4
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Feature 3D Acceptor Count:5
Feature 3D Donor Count:4
Feature 3D Cation Count:2
Feature 3D Ring Count:2
Effective Rotor Count:4
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.6
CID Conformer Count:60

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