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Home> Hot Product Listed E   > Ethane,1,2-dichloro-

Ethane,1,2-dichloro-

Iupac Name:1,2-dichloroethane
CAS No.:107-06-2
EINECS(EC#):203-458-1
Molecular Weight:98.96 . CODE
Molecular Formula:C2H4Cl2 (Products with the same molecular formula)
MOL File:107-06-2.mol
Properties
Appearance
Clear liquid with a chloroform-like odor
Density
1.253
Melting Point
-35 C
Boiling Point
83.5 C
Refractive Index
1.444-1.446
Flash Point
13 oC
Water
8.7 G/L (20 oC)
Solubilities
Slightly soluble
Color/Form
CLEAR, COLORLESS, OILY LIQUID
Clear liquid at ambient temperatures
Colorless liquid [Note: Decomposes slowly, becomes acidic & darkens in color].
Colorless, oily liquid
Storage temp
0-6°C
Spectral properties
UV absorbance (1 cm cell vs water) @ wavelength 400-300 nm= absorbance of 0.01 ... @ wavelength 230 nm= absorbance of 1.0 /from table/.
Index of refraction: 1.4448 @ 20 deg C/D
Intense mass spectral peaks: 62 m/z (100%), 49 m/z (40%), 64 m/z (32%), 63 m/z (19%)
IR: 20 (Sadtler Research Laboratories IR Grating Collection)
NMR: 7304 (Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectral Collection)
MASS: 216 (Atlas of Mass Spectral Data, John Wiley & Sons, New York)
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
F: Flammable;T: Toxic;
Risk Statements
R11;R22;R36/37/38;R45
Safety Statements
53-45-24-16-7
HazardClass
3
Safety
Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. An experimental transplacental carcinogen. A human poison by ingestion. Poison experimentally by intravenous and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation, skin contact, and intraperitoneal routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: flaccid paralysis without anesthesia (usually neuromuscular blockage), somnolence, cough, jaundice, nausea or vomiting, hypermotility, diarrhea, ulceration or bleeding from the stomach, fatty liver degeneration, change in cardiac rate, cyanosis, and coma. It may also cause dermatitis, edema of the lungs, toxic effects on the kidneys, and severe corneal effects. A strong narcotic. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin and severe eye irritant, and strong local irritant. Its smell and irritant effects warn of its presence at relatively safe concentrations. Human mutation data reported.Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard if exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Moderately explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to flame. Violent reaction with Al, N2O4, NH3, dimethylaminopropylamine. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials and emit vinyl chloride and HCl. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemicals. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cl? and phosgene. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC.Analytical?Methods:???For occupational chemical analysis use OSHA: #03 or NIOSH: Hydrocarbons, Halogenated, 1003.
PackingGroup
II
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
Vapors are irritating.
Cleanup Methods
Environmental considerations: land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Apply "universal" gelling agent to immobilize spill. Apply appropriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard.
Environmental considerations: water spill: Use natural deep water pockets, excavated lagoons, or sand bag. Barriers to trap material at bottom. If dissolved, in region of 10 ppm or greater concentration, apply activated carbon at ten times the spilled amount. Remove trapped material with suction hoses. Use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants and precipitates.
In/on soil: Construct barriers to contain spill. Remove with pump on vacuum equip. Absorb residue on sorbent material and shovel into covered metal containers. In/on water: Contain by damming or water diversion. Dredge or vacuum pump to remove contaminant, liquids, and bottom sediment. In/on air: Knock down and disperse vapor with water spray.
Steaming followed by washing with water for purging tanks.
Hycar, an absorbent material, may be used for vapor suppression and containment.
After containment, a universal gelling agent may be used to solidify trapped mass. If solubilized, activated carbon (10%) may be applied. Immobilized masses can be removed using dredges or lift.
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": A high-efficiency particulate arrestor (HEPA) or charcoal filters can be used to minimize amt of carcinogen in exhausted air ventilated safety cabinets, lab hoods, glove boxes or animal rooms ... Filter housing that is designed so that used filters can be transferred into plastic bag without contaminating maintenance staff is avail commercially. Filters should be placed in plastic bags immediately after removal ... The plastic bag should be sealed immediately ... The sealed bag should be labelled properly ... Waste liquids ... should be placed or collected in proper containers for disposal. The lid should be secured & the bottles properly labelled. Once filled, bottles should be placed in plastic bag, so that outer surface ... is not contaminated ... The plastic bag should also be sealed & labelled. ... Broken glassware ... should be decontaminated by solvent extraction, by chemical destruction, or in specially designed incinerators. /Chemical Carcinogens/
Biological degradation of 1,2-dichloroethane under groundwater conditions.
Eliminate all ignition sources. Use appropriate foam to blanket release and suppress vapors. Absorb in noncombustible material for proper disposal.
Environmental considerations: air spill: Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors. Combustion products include corrosive or toxic vapors.
Transport
UN 1184
Fire Fighting Procedures
Do not extinguish until release can be stopped. Cool fire-exposed containers with water staying clear of tank ends.
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus with full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.
If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Use dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide, or water spray. Water may be ineffective. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapors and toxic decomposition products.
Fire Potential
Flammable liquid ...
Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers.
Formulations/Preparations
USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code 042003; Trade Names: ENT-1656; Borer Sol; Brocide; Destruxol Borer-Sol; Dichloremulsion; Dowfume; Dutch Liquid; Dutch Oil; Freon 150.
Granosan: disinfectant composed of 30% carbon tetrachloride and 70% ethylene dichloride.
Grades: Technical, spectrophotometric.
Ethylene dichloride - carbon tetrachloride (Dowfume 75). Principal ingredient: 1,2-Dichloroethane, commercial formulation, 70% active ingredient; & tetrachloromethane, commercial formulation, 30% active ingredient ... .
DOT Emergency Guidelines
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Health: TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with some of these materials will irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Fire or Explosion: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a "P" may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Public Safety: CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number ... . As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions. Keep unauthorized personnel away. Stay upwind. Keep out of low areas. Ventilate closed spaces before entering. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Protective Clothing: Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection. Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Evacuation: ... Fire: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Fire: CAUTION: All these products have a very low flash point. Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small fires: Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Fire involving tanks or car/trailer loads: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Spill or Leak: Fully encapsulating, vapor protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Small spills: Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers for later disposal. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material. Large spills: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces. /Ethylene dichloride/
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ First Aid: Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. Wash skin with soap and water. Keep victim warm and quiet. In case of burns, immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. /Ethylene dichloride/
Exposure Standards and Regulations
Ethylene dichloride is an indirect food additive for use as a component of adhesives.
The food additive ethylene dichloride may be safely used in the manufacture of animal feeds in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) It is used as a solvent in the extraction processing of animal byproducts for use in animal feeds. (b) The maximum quantity of the additive permitted to remain in or on the extracted byproducts shall not exceed 300 ppm. (c) The extracted animal byproduct is added as a source of protein to a total ration at levels consistent with good feeding practices, but in no event exceeding 13 percent of the total ration.
Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Explosion can result when ethylene dichloride, is mixed with liquid ammonia, dimethylaminopropylamine, nitrogen tetroxide, metal powders, organic peroxides reducing agents, & alkali & alkali earth metals. Mixtures with nitric acid are easily detonated by heat, impact, or friction. Mixtures with mercaptans form thioethers & generate heat while mixtures with nitrides generate heat & ammonia forming toxic fumes.
In the presence of UV light, air, moisture, or heat liberates toxic quantities of phosgene, hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, acetylene, or vinyl chloride.
Incompatibilites: Strong oxidizers & caustics, chemically active metals, such as ... magnesium powder, sodium ... .
Mixtures of /dinitrogen/ tetraoxide with ... 1,2-dichloroethane are explosive when subjected to shock of 25 g TNT equivalent or less.
A virtually unvented aluminum tank containing a 4:1:2 mixture of o-dichlorobenzene, 1,2-dichloroethane, and 1,2-dichloropropane exploded violently seven days after filling. This was attributed to formation of aluminum chloride which catalyzed ... /corrosive action/ on the aluminum tank.
Although apparently stable on contact, mixtures of potassium (or its alloys) with range of halocarbons are shock-sensitive & may explode with great violence on light impact. Chloroethane, dichloroethane ... are among those investigated.
Although some mixtures of the two components /chlorine & 1,2-dichloroethane/ will burn, even that with 34% of haloalkane leads only to 2-fold pressure increase.
Mixtures /of 1,2-dichloroethane & nitric acid/ are easily detonated by heat, impact or friction.
Strong oxidizers & caustics; chemically-active metals such as aluminum or magnesium powder, sodium & potassium; liquid ammonia (Note: decomposes to vinyl chloride & HCl above 1112 deg F).
Other Preventative Measures
If material not on fire and not involved In fire: Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Personnel protection: Avoid breathing vapors. Keep upwind. ... Do not handle broken packages unless wearing appropriate personal protective equipment. Wash away any material which may have contacted the body with copious amounts of water or soap and water. Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus when fighting fires involving this material.
Warning signs should be placed on equipment, storage tanks, containers, and entrances to areas of use.
Employees should wash promptly when skin becomes contaminated. Immediately remove any clothing that becomes wet to avoid flammability hazard.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in such a manner so that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance to ascertain the completeness of the cleaning procedures should be implemented before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers.
If material /is/ not on fire and not involved in fire keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Avoid breathing vapors. Keep upwind. ... Do not handle broken packages unless wearing appropriate personal protective equipment. Wash away any material which may have contacted the body with copious amounts of water or soap and water.
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Smoking, drinking, eating, storage of food or of food & beverage containers or utensils, & the application of cosmetics should be prohibited in any laboratory. All personnel should remove gloves, if worn, after completion of procedures in which carcinogens have been used. They should ... wash ... hands, preferably using dispensers of liq detergent, & rinse ... thoroughly. Consideration should be given to appropriate methods for cleaning the skin, depending on nature of the contaminant. No standard procedure can be recommended, but the use of organic solvents should be avoided. Safety pipettes should be used for all pipetting. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": In animal laboratory, personnel should remove their outdoor clothes & wear protective suits (preferably disposable, one-piece & close-fitting at ankles & wrists), gloves, hair covering & overshoes. ... Clothing should be changed daily but ... discarded immediately if obvious contamination occurs ... /also,/ workers should shower immediately. In chemical laboratory, gloves & gowns should always be worn ... however, gloves should not be assumed to provide full protection. Carefully fitted masks or respirators may be necessary when working with particulates or gases, & disposable plastic aprons might provide addnl protection. If gowns are of distinctive color, this is a reminder that they should not be worn outside of lab. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": ... Operations connected with synth & purification ... should be carried out under well-ventilated hood. Analytical procedures ... should be carried out with care & vapors evolved during ... procedures should be removed. ... Expert advice should be obtained before existing fume cupboards are used ... & when new fume cupboards are installed. It is desirable that there be means for decreasing the rate of air extraction, so that carcinogenic powders can be handled without ... powder being blown around the hood. Glove boxes should be kept under negative air pressure. Air changes should be adequate, so that concn of vapors of volatile carcinogens will not occur. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Vertical laminar-flow biological safety cabinets may be used for containment of in vitro procedures ... provided that the exhaust air flow is sufficient to provide an inward air flow at the face opening of the cabinet, & contaminated air plenums that are under positive pressure are leak-tight. Horizontal laminar-flow hoods or safety cabinets, where filtered air is blown across the working area towards the operator, should never be used. ... Each cabinet or fume cupboard to be used ... should be tested before work is begun (eg, with fume bomb) & label fixed to it, giving date of test & avg air-flow measured. This test should be repeated periodically & after any structural changes. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Principles that apply to chem or biochem lab also apply to microbiological & cell-culture labs. ... Special consideration should be given to route of admin. ... Safest method of administering volatile carcinogen is by injection of a soln. Admin by topical application, gavage, or intratracheal instillation should be performed under hood. If chem will be exhaled, animals should be kept under hood during this period. Inhalation exposure requires special equipment. ... Unless specifically required, routes of admin other than in the diet should be used. Mixing of carcinogen in diet should be carried out in sealed mixers under fume hood, from which the exhaust is fitted with an efficient particulate filter. Techniques for cleaning mixer & hood should be devised before expt begun. When mixing diets, special protective clothing &, possibly, respirators may be required. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": When ... admin in diet or applied to skin, animals should be kept in cages with solid bottoms & sides & fitted with a filter top. When volatile carcinogens are given, filter tops should not be used. Cages which have been used to house animals that received carcinogens should be decontaminated. Cage-cleaning facilities should be installed in area in which carcinogens are being used, to avoid moving of ... contaminated /cages/. It is difficult to ensure that cages are decontaminated, & monitoring methods are necessary. Situations may exist in which the use of disposable cages should be recommended, depending on type & amt of carcinogen & efficiency with which it can be removed. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": To eliminate risk that ... contamination in lab could build up during conduct of expt, periodic checks should be carried out on lab atmospheres, surfaces, such as walls, floors & benches, & ... interior of fume hoods & airducts. As well as regular monitoring, check must be carried out after cleaning-up of spillage. Sensitive methods are required when testing lab atmospheres. ... Methods ... should ... where possible, be simple & sensitive. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Rooms in which obvious contamination has occurred, such as spillage, should be decontaminated by lab personnel engaged in expt. Design of expt should ... avoid contamination of permanent equipment. ... Procedures should ensure that maintenance workers are not exposed to carcinogens. ... Particular care should be taken to avoid contamination of drains or ventilation ducts. In cleaning labs, procedures should be used which do not produce aerosols or dispersal of dust, ie, wet mop or vacuum cleaner equipped with high-efficiency particulate filter on exhaust, which are avail commercially, should be used. Sweeping, brushing & use of dry dusters or mops should be prohibited. Grossly contaminated cleaning materials should not be re-used ... If gowns or towels are contaminated, they should not be sent to laundry, but ... decontaminated or burnt, to avoid any hazard to laundry personnel. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Doors leading into areas where carcinogens are used ... should be marked distinctively with appropriate labels. Access ... limited to persons involved in expt. ... A prominently displayed notice should give the name of the Scientific Investigator or other person who can advise in an emergency & who can inform others (such as firemen) on the handling of carcinogenic substances. /Chemical Carcinogens/
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard.
Protective Equipment and Clothing
Impervious, resistant clothing, gloves, boots, overshoes, and bib-type aprons covering boot tops. Supplied air hoods, or suits in pits or tanks, or where heat stress is likely.
Half mask or quarter mask facepieces operated with negative pressure below ten times the time-weighted average or full facepieces up to 50 times the time-weighted average.
Respirator selection: Upper limit devices recommended by NIOSH: At any detectable concentration: any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece & operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode or any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece & operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other pressure mode; Escape: Any air-purifying full facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style or front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister or any appropriate escape-type self-contained breathing apparatus.
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": ... Dispensers of liq detergent /should be available./ ... Safety pipettes should be used for all pipetting. ... In animal laboratory, personnel should ... wear protective suits (preferably disposable, one-piece & close-fitting at ankles & wrists), gloves, hair covering & overshoes. ... In chemical laboratory, gloves & gowns should always be worn ... however, gloves should not be assumed to provide full protection. Carefully fitted masks or respirators may be necessary when working with particulates or gases, & disposable plastic aprons might provide addnl protection. ... Gowns ... /should be/ of distinctive color, this is a reminder that they are not to be worn outside the laboratory. /Chemical Carcinogens/
For ethylene dichloride breakthrough times less (usually significantly less) than one hour reported by (normally) two or more testers for natural rubber, neoprene, neoprene/natural rubber, nitrile, polyethylene (PE), chlorinated polyethylene (CPE), and polyvinyl chloride, (PVC).
For ethylene dichloride some data (usually from immersion tests) suggesting breakthrough times greater than one hour are not likely for nitrile rubber/polyvinyl chloride (nitrile/PVC).
For ethylene dichloride breakthrough times greater than one hour reported by (normally) two or more testers for polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and viton.
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL at any detectable cocentration. Respirator Class(es): Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator with a full face piece and operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: Escape from suddenly occurring respiratory hazards: Respirator Class(es): Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister. Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
Eyewash fountains should be provided in areas where there is any possbility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection.
Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure. [Note: It is intended that these facilities provide a sufficient quantity or flow of water to quickly remove the substance from any body areas likely to be exposed. The actual determination of what constitutes an adequate quick drench facility depends on the specific circumstances. In certain instances, a deluge shower should be readily available, whereas in others, the availability of water from a sink or hose could be considered adequate.]
Specification

clear liquid
Safety Statements:53-45-24-16-7
53:Avoid exposure - obtain special instruction before use
45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)
24:Avoid contact with skin
16:Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking
7:Keep container tightly closed
Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = 1.48
Disposal Methods
Generators of waste (equal to or greater than 100 kg/mo) containing this contaminant, EPA hazardous waste number U077, must conform with USEPA regulations in storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste.
Waste must never be discharged into sewers or surface waters. Contaminated porous surfaces (sand, vemiculite, etc) should be disposed of at a waste management facility. Recovered liquids may be reprocessed, incinerated, or treated at a waste management facility.
Potential candidate for liquid injection incineration, with a temp range of 650 to 1,600 deg C and a residence time of 0.1 to 2 seconds. Also a potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration, with a temp range of 820 to 1,600 deg C and a residence time of seconds. Also a potential candidate for fluidized bed incineration, with a temp range of 450 to 980 deg C and a residence time of seconds.
This compound should be susceptible to removal from waste water by air stripping.
Concentrated wastes, such as distillation residues, spent catalysts & complex sludges, are disposed of in special waste incinerators since phosgene is liberated during burning of 1,2-dichloroethane. Solvent wastes from small-scale users are collected & regenerated by commercial reprocessing businesses. Aqueous wastes which contain dichloroethane (process effluents) are aerated until the volatile chlorohydrocarbon is evaporated. Special attention has to be given to the emission limits. Recommendable method: Incineration. Peer-review: Dilute with kerosene or fuel oil due to high chlorine content. (Peer-review conclusions of an IRPTC expert consultation (May 1985))
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": There is no universal method of disposal that has been proved satisfactory for all carcinogenic compounds & specific methods of chem destruction ... published have not been tested on all kinds of carcinogen-containing waste. ... Summary of avail methods & recommendations ... /given/ must be treated as guide only. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": ... Incineration may be only feasible method for disposal of contaminated laboratory waste from biological expt. However, not all incinerators are suitable for this purpose. The most efficient type ... is probably the gas-fired type, in which a first-stage combustion with a less than stoichiometric air:fuel ratio is followed by a second stage with excess air. Some ... are designed to accept ... aqueous & organic-solvent solutions, otherwise it is necessary ... to absorb soln onto suitable combustible material, such as sawdust. Alternatively, chem destruction may be used, esp when small quantities ... are to be destroyed in laboratory. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": HEPA (high-efficiency particulate arrestor) filters ... Can be disposed of by incineration. For spent charcoal filters, the adsorbed material can be stripped off at high temp & carcinogenic wastes generated by this treatment conducted to & burned in an incinerator. ... LIQUID WASTE: ... Disposal should be carried out by incineration at temp that ... ensure complete combustion. SOLID WASTE: Carcasses of lab animals, cage litter & misc solid wastes ... should be disposed of by incineration at temp high enough to ensure destruction of chem carcinogens or their metabolites. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": ... Small quantities of ... some carcinogens can be destroyed using chem reactions ... but no general rules can be given. ... As a general technique ... treatment with sodium dichromate in strong sulfuric acid can be used. The time necessary for destruction ... is seldom known ... but 1-2 days is generally considered sufficient when freshly prepd reagent is used. ... Carcinogens that are easily oxidizable can be destroyed with milder oxidative agents, such as saturated soln of potassium permanganate in acetone, which appears to be a suitable agent for destruction of hydrazines or of compounds containing isolated carbon-carbon double bonds. Concn or 50% aqueous sodium hypochlorite can also be used as an oxidizing agent. /Chemical Carcinogens/
PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": Carcinogens that are alkylating, arylating or acylating agents per se can be destroyed by reaction with appropriate nucleophiles, such as water, hydroxyl ions, ammonia, thiols & thiosulfate. The reactivity of various alkylating agents varies greatly ... & is also influenced by sol of agent in the reaction medium. To facilitate the complete reaction, it is suggested that the agents be dissolved in ethanol or similar solvents. ... No method should be applied ... until it has been thoroughly tested for its effectiveness & safety on material to be inactivated. For example, in case of destruction of alkylating agents, it is possible to detect residual compounds by reaction with 4(4-nitrobenzyl)-pyridine. /Chemical Carcinogens/
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for 1,2-dichlorothane: Concentration process: Biological treatment.
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for 1,2-dichloroethane: Concentration process: Activated carbon.
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for 1,2-dichloroethane: Concentration process: Resin adsorption.
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for 1,2-dichloroethane: Concentration process: Stripping.
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for 1,2-dichloroethane: Concentration process: Solvent extraction.
Environment Canada's Wastewater Technology Center operated a pilot plant at a landfill site to treat groundwater contaminated with volatile organic chemicals during the summer of 1986. The treatment system consisted of a packed air stripping column to treat the wastewater and two sequential granular activated carbon adsorbers to treat the off-gases. Among volatile organic chemicals in the wastewater were 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, chloroform, 1,1-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, benzene, toluene, and trichloroethylene. Removal efficiencies varied from 27 to 99.9%. Optimal conditions, resulting in 94% removal of all volatile organic chemicals, were met with a 70:1 air-to-water ratio, a liquid flow rate of 4 l/min, and 1.3 cm Intalox saddles. Concentration of all compounds were below the lower detection limit of 2 ug/l in the effluent of the second granular activated carbon adsorber.
The adsorption capacities and rates of seven principal chlorinated organic compounds for six commercial GACs were investigated. All the adsorption isotherms were expressed by the Freundlich equation and the isotherms for the chloroethylenes such as trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene could be shown by the modified Freundlich equation Q = k' (C/Cs)ln for each GAC. The magnitude of adsorption of the chlorinated organic compounds was in the order of: tetrachloroethylene > trichloroethylene > trans-1 2-dichloroethylene > l,l-dichloroethane > carbon tetrachloride > l,l,l-trichloroethane > chloroform. The value of k for a certain GAC could be predicted from the quantity of pores smaller than 2 mm in diameter. The adsorbed amounts were decreased by 10-20% when humic substances coexisted. The working periods of a fixed bed adsorber before regeneration were predicted by calculating breakthrough curves of various influent concentrations of trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene at the space velocities of 5 or 10 hr -l and it was certified that the adsorption method by GAC was feasible for removing these compounds from water.
Reach Info
This substance has been officially registered by enterprises.
ECHA (EU chemicals Management Agency) published the completed registration file as follows:
Completed registration file:
Registered as ubmitted Total tonnage band  
FULL JOINT 1000000_10000000 view >
Registered companies:
Registrant / Supplier details Latest dossier received
ANWIL SA 2012
BASF SE 2016
Bayer AG 2010
more >
MSDS

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 1,2-dichloroethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company WWW.GuideChem.COM
Address 8F, Block C, No.3 Building, Zijin Plaza, No.701, Gudun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310030, China
Telephone +86-571-89739798
Fax 86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-571-89739798
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Skin irritation, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity \u2013 single exposure, Category 3

Carcinogenicity, Category 1B

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H315 Causes skin irritation

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H350 May cause cancer

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
1,2-dichloroethane 1,2-dichloroethane 107-06-2 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Inhalation of vapors causes nausea, drunkenness, depression. Contact of liquid with eyes may produce corneal injury. Prolonged contact with skin may cause a burn. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Treatment: Stabilization: As with most chlorinated hydrocarbons, the immediate life-threatening complications are respiratory arrest and cardiac dysrhythmia. Hence, initially attention should be directed toward establishing an airway, providing ventilation, and improving circulation as dictated by the clinical situation. Decontamination: since ethylene dichloride is a potent hepatorenal toxin, all except minor exposures seen within 4 hours of ingestion should be given the usual methods of decontamination (ipecac or lavage/activated charcoal and cathartics). Contaminated clothes should be removed and the exposed skin washed with green soap and water. Supportive care: No methods to enhance removal and no antidotes have been proven effective. Severe cases require close monitoring of clotting times and serum glucose and calcium levels, as well as hepatic and renal function. Hemodialysis is reserved for renal failure.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Do not extinguish until release can be stopped. Cool fire-exposed containers with water staying clear of tank ends.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating gases (hydrogen chloride, phosgene) are generated. Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Environmental considerations: land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Apply "universal" gelling agent to immobilize spill. Apply appropriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.Store in a clean, cool, well ventilated area away from heat, sparks, or flames. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Small quantities can be stored in brown bottles or opaque containers due to solvent's light sensitivity. Ground and bond metal containers for liquid transfers to prevent static sparks.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH recommends that ethylene dichloride be regulated as a potential human carcinogen.

NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concn.

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 1 ppm (4 mg/cu m).

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Min Short-Term Exposure Limit: 2 ppm (8 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Clear liquid with a chloroform-like odor
Colour CLEAR, COLORLESS, OILY LIQUID
Odour Pleasant odor
Melting point/ freezing point -2\u00b0C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 83\u00b0C(lit.)
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78\u00b0C and BP at or above 37.78\u00b0C.Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 6.2% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 16% by volume
Flash point 13\u00b0C
Auto-ignition temperature 412.78\u00b0C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.84 cP @ 20\u00b0C
Solubility In water:8.7 g/L (20 \u00baC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 87 mm Hg ( 25 \u00b0C)
Density and/or relative density 1.256g/mLat 25\u00b0C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 3.4 (20 \u00b0C, vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

STABLE IN PRESENCE OF ALKALI, ACIDS.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid ...The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.Liquid ammonia and ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE can cause an explosion when mixed, NFPA 491M, 1991. A tank of dimethyl amino propyl amine exploded violently when it reacted with wet ethylene dichloride which had been the tank's previous contents [Doyle 1973]. Halogenated aliphatic compounds, such as ethylene dichloride, are moderately or very reactive. Halogenated organics generally become less reactive as more of their hydrogen atoms are replaced with halogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, epoxides, aluminum

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Explosion can result when ethylene dichloride, is mixed with liquid ammonia, dimethylaminopropylamine, nitrogen tetroxide, metal powders, organic peroxides reducing agents, & alkali & alkali earth metals. Mixtures with nitric acid are easily detonated by heat, impact, or friction. Mixtures with mercaptans form thioethers & generate heat while mixtures with nitrides generate heat & ammonia forming toxic fumes.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Ethylene dichloride decomposes slowly becoming acidic and darkening in color.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 870-950 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 12000 ppm/31.8 min, 3000 ppm/165 min, 1000 ppm/432 min
  • Dermal: LD50 Rabbit percutaneous 3400-4460 mg/kg

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of ethylene dichloride in humans. Decreased fertility and increased embryo mortality have been observed in inhalation studies of rats.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) 136 mg/l/96 hr (95% confidence limit: 129-144 mg/l), temp 25\u00b0C, dissolved oxygen 7.8 mg/l, water hardness 44.8 mg/l calcium carbonate (CaCO3), alkalinity 41.4 mg/l CaCO3, pH 7.41, static bioassay. (Test 1)
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 Daphnia magna (water flea) 218,000 ug/l 48 hr. /Conditions of bioassay not specified
  • Toxicity to algae: Toxicity threshold (cell multiplication inhibition test): bacteria (Pseudomonas putida): 135 mg/l. Algae (Microcystis aeruginosa): 105 mg/l. Green algae (Scenedesmus quadricuda): 719 mg/l. Protozoa (Entosiphon sulcatum): 1127 mg/l.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Biodegradability tests with 1,2-dichloroethane resulted in little or no biodegradation in aerobic systems using sewage seed or activated sludge(1-5). The one river die-away test reported no degradation(1). The percent BOD produced in 5-10 days was 0-7%(2-4). Another investigator reported slow to moderate biodegradation activity(5). In a bioreactor study using microbial consortia enriched from subsurface sediments contaminated with chlororinated hydrocarbons, a mixed-organic waste containing 21 ug/l of 1,2-dichloroethane was degraded to <5 ug/l after a 21 day run(6).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

A BCF of 2 was measured for 1,2-dichloroethane in bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this BCF suggests bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc for 1,2-dichloroethane is 33(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that 1,2-dichloroethane is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC). 1,2-Dichloroethane rapidly percolates through sandy soil(3).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1184 IMDG: UN1184 IATA: UN1184

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
IMDG: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
IATA: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
1,2-dichloroethane 1,2-dichloroethane 107-06-2 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Precursor and Product
Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:98.95916 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C2H4Cl2
XLogP3:1.5
H-Bond Donor:0
H-Bond Acceptor:0
Rotatable Bond Count:1
Exact Mass:97.969006
MonoIsotopic Mass:97.969006
Topological Polar Surface Area:0
Heavy Atom Count:4
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:6
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Effective Rotor Count:1
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.4
CID Conformer Count:3