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Home> Hot Product Listed E   > Ethyl Alcohol

Ethyl Alcohol

CAS No.:64-17-5
EINECS(EC#):200-578-6
Molecular Weight:46.07
Molecular Formula:C2H6O (Products with the same molecular formula)
MOL File:64-17-5.mol
Properties
Appearance
clear colorless liquid
Density
0.789
Melting Point
-114℃
Boiling Point
78℃
Refractive Index
1.3614
Flash Point
12℃
Water
miscible
Solubilities
miscible in water
Color/Form
Clear, colorless, very mobile liquid
Stability
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents, peroxides, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, alkali metals, ammonia, moisture. Forms explosive mixtures with air. Hygroscopic.
Storage temp
Store at RT.
Spectral properties
Index of refraction: 1.361 at 20 deg C/D
MAX ABSORPTION (GAS): 181 NM (LOG E= 2.51); SADTLER REFERENCE NUMBER: 188 (IR, PRISM); 64 (IR, GRATING)
IR: 6986 (Coblentz Society Spectral Collection)
NMR: 14 (Varian Associates NMR Spectra Catalogue)
MASS: 37886 (NIST/EPA/MSDC Mass Spectral database, 1990 version)
Intense mass spectral peaks: 31 m/z , 45 m/z, 46 m/z
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
F
Risk Statements
R11
Safety Statements
S16;S7
HazardClass
3
Safety

Hazard Codes:?F,T,Xn
Risk Statements: 11-10-36/37/38-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-68/20/21/22-20/21/22-52/53
R11:? Highly Flammable?
R10:? Flammable
R36/37/38:? Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin?
R39/23/24/25:? Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed?
R23/24/25:? Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed?
R68/20/21/22:? Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed?
R20/21/22:? Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed?
R52/53:? Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
Safety Statements: 16-7-36-26-45-36/37-61-24/25
S16:? Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking?
S7:? Keep container tightly closed
S36:? Wear suitable protective clothing?
S26:? In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice?
S45:? In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)
S36/37:? Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves
S61:? Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions safety data sheet?
S24/25:? Avoid contact with skin and eyes
HazardClass: 3
PackingGroup: II
RTECS: KQ6300000

PackingGroup
II
Sensitive
Hygroscopic
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
Alcohol vapor exposure at sufficiently high concentrations may cause prompt stinging and watering of the eyes, but there appear to be no reports of eye injury from industrial exposure to alcohol vapors.
An eye and skin irritant.
... A splash on human eye causes immediate burning and stinging discomfort with reflex closure of the lids.
Cleanup Methods
Land spill: Apply appropriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard.
Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Allow to aerate.
Air spill: Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors.
Transport
UN 1170/1986/1987
Fire Fighting Procedures
The most appropriate extinguishers are carbon dioxide and dust; Water may be used, provided it is /used/ in large amounts.
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical ... .
Fire Potential
Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame ... .
Formulations/Preparations
Grades: USP (95% by vol); absolute; pure; completely denatured; specially denatured; industrial, various proofs ... .
Materials containing alcohol: Apple Distillate K 2/032410; Arnica Distillate 2/378370; Birch Distillate 2/384280; Chamomille Distillate 2/380930; Linden Blossom Distillate 2/382920
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Four gal of methyl alcohol and one gal of methyl isobutyl ketone; or four gal methyl alcohol and 1/8 avoirdupois oz denatonium benzoate, NF
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One-half gal benzene or one-half gal rubber hydrocarbon solvent.
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Thirty-three pounds, or more, metallic sodium and either one-half gal benzene or one-half gal rubber hydrocarbon solvent
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Five gal methyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of pine tar NF
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of the following solution: Five gal of an aq soln containing 40% nicotine; and 3.6 avoirdupois oz of methylene blue, NF; water sufficient to make 100 gal
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Five gal of benzene
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten gal of ethyl ether
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Five-hundredths gal of bone oil (Dipple's oil)
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One hundred gal of ethyl ether
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten gal of formaldehyde soln (USP)
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten gal of acetone, NF
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Three pounds of salicyclic acid, USP, one pound resorcin, USP, and 1 gal bergamont oil, NF, or bay oil, NF
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Eight gal of acetone, NF and 1.5 gal of methyl isobutyl ketone
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Twenty pounds of iodine, USP and 15 pounds of either potassium or sodium iodide USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: A soln composed of 20 pounds of iodine USP, 15 pounds of potassium or sodium iodide USP and 15 pounds of water.
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of rosemary oil, NF and 30 lb of camphor, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Thirty-five lb of camphor, USP and 1 gal of clove oil, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of lavender oil, USP and 100 lb of medicinal soft soap, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten gal of methyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One hundred lb of glycerol, USP and 20 lb of hard soap, NF
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Thirty lb of methyl violet, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 29.75 gal of ethyl acetate having an ester content of 100% by wt or the equivalent thereof not to exceed 35 gal of ethyl acetate with an ester content of not less than 85% by wt
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 4.25 gal of ethyl acetate having an ester content of 100% by wt or the equivalent thereof not to exceed 5 gal of ethyl acetate with an ester content of not less than 85% by wt
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 3 gal of ammonia, aq, 27 to 30% by wt: three gal of strong ammonia soln, USP: 17.5 lb of caustic soda, liq grade, containing 50% sodium hydroxide by wt: or 12.0 lb of caustic soda, liq grade, containing 73% sodium hydroxide by wt.
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 45 fluid oz of eucalyptol, USP, 30 avoirdupois oz of thymol, NF and 20 avoirdupois oz of mentol, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten lb of any one or a total of 10 lb of two or more of the oils and substances listed below: anethole, USP; anise oil, USP; bay oil (myrcia oil), NF; benzaldehyde, NF; bergamot oil, NF; bitter almond oil, NF; camphor, USP; cedar leaf oil, USP, XIII; chlorothymol, NF; cinnamic aldehyde, NF, IX; cinnamon oil (cassia oil), USP; citronella oil, natural; clove oil, USP; coal tar, USP; eucalyptol, USP; eucalyptus oil, NF; eugenol, USP; guaiacol, NF; lavender oil, USP; menthol, USP; mustard oil, volatile (allyl isothiocyanate), USP, XII; peppermint oil, USP; phenol, USP; phenyl salicylate (salol), NF; pine oil, NF; pine needle oil, dwarf, NF; rosemary oil, NF; safrol; sassafras oil, NF; spearmint oil, NF; spearmint oil, terpeneless; spike lavender oil, natural; storax, USP; thyme oil, NF; thymol, NF; tolu balsam, USP; turpentine oil, NF; wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate), USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 10 lb of menthol, USP and 1.25 gal of formaldehyde soln, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Two and one-half lb of menthol, USP and 2.5 gal of formaldehyde soln, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: (1) Six lb of boric acid, USP, 1 and 1/3 lb thymol, NF, 1 and 1/3 lb chlorothymol, NF and 1 and 1/3 lb menthol, USP; or (2) Seven lb of boric acid, USP, and a total of 3 lb of any two or more denaturing materials listed under SDA No 38-B
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Nine lb of sodium salicylate or salicylic acid, USP, 1.25 gal fluid extract of quassia, NF, VII and 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Sixty avoirdupois oz of any one of the following alkaloids or salts together with 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol: quinine, NF; quinine bisulfate, NF; quinine hydrochloride, USP; cinchonidine; cinchonidine sulfate, NF, IX
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Two and 1/2 gal of diethylphthalate and 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of diethylphthalate
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One gal of bay oil, NF and either 50 avoirdupois oz of quinine sulfate, USP, 50 avoirdupois oz of quinine bisulfate, NF, or 200 avoirdupois oz of sodium salicylate, USP
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One and one-half avoirdupois oz of brucine (alkaloid), or brucine sulfate (NF, IX), or quassin, or one and one-half av oz of any combination of two or of three of those denaturants, and 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One lb of sucrose octa-acetate and 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: One-sixteenth avoirdupois oz of denatonium benzoate, NF, (Bitrex) and 1/8 gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Three gal of tertiary butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Eighty g of potassium iodide, USP and 109 g of red mercuric iodide, NF or 95 g of thimerosal, NF or 76 g of any of the following: phenyl mercuric nitrate, NF; phenyl mercuric chloride, NF; or phenyl mercuric benzoate
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Ten gal of n-butyl alcohol
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: Three hundred lb of refined white or orange shellac
To every 100 gal of ethyl alcohol add: 25 fluid oz of phenol, USP and 4 fluid oz of wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate), USP
Grades of purity: Anhydrous (200 proof); 190 proof
Preparations: Alcohol & Dextrose Injectio, USP; Ethanol for Disinfection; Evaporating Lotion; High alcoholic Elixir; Iso-alcoholic Elixir; Low alcoholic Elixir; Spirit Ear-drops
DOT Emergency Guidelines
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Fire or Explosion: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Health: Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Public Safety: CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number ... . As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions. Keep unauthorized personnel away. Stay upwind. Keep out of low areas. Ventilate closed spaces before entering. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Protective Clothing: Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Structural firefighters' protective clothing will only provide limited protection. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Evacuation: Large spill: Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 300 meters (1000 feet). Fire: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Fire: CAUTION: All these products have a very low flash point: Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small fires: Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Fire involving tanks or car/trailer loads: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ Spill or Leak: ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material. Large spills: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
/GUIDE 127: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (POLAR/WATER-MISCIBLE)/ First Aid: Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. Wash skin with soap and water. In case of burns, immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. Do not remove clothing if adherencing to skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. /Ethanol; Ethanol, solution; Ethyl alcohol; Ethyl alcohol, solution/
Exposure Standards and Regulations
Substance added directly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
Ethanol is an indirect food additive for use only as a component of adhesives.
Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Many explosions have been experienced during the gravimetric determination of either perchlorates or potassium as potassium perchlorate by a standard method involving ethanol extraction. During subsequent heating, formation and explosion of ethyl perchlorate is very probable.
Strong oxidizing agents such as chlorine, permanganate, or chromate in acid solution react, in some cases violently, with alcohol to produce oxidation products.
A solution of permanganic acid (or its explosive anhydride dimanganese heptoxide) ... will explode on contact with ... ethanol ... .
Solid /ruthenium (VIII) oxide/ or its concentrated solutions or vapor, tends to oxidize ethanol, cellulose fibers ... explosively.
Bromine pentafluoride ... contact with ... ethanol is likely to cause fire or explosion ... .
... Ethanol ignites then explodes /upon contact with nitrosyl perchlorate/.
... Ethanol ... ignites on contact with /chromyl/ chloride ... .
Uranium hexafluoride /reacts violently/ with ethanol ... .
... Ethanol ... ignites in contact with /iodine heptafluoride/ gas ... .
Attempted crystallization of ... /uranyl perchlorate/ from ethanol caused an explosion ... .
Interaction ... /between/ water, methanol or ethanol /and acetyl bromide/ is violent, hydrogen bromide being evolved.
Reclaimed silver nitrate crystals, damp with the alcohol used for washing, exploded violently when touched with a spatula ... .
A 15% soln of nitric acid in ethanol was used to etch a bismuth crystal. After removing the metal, the mixture decomposes vigorously.
Violent reaction on mixing /of disulfuryl difluoride and ethanol/ at ambient temperatures.
The desiccant /magnesium perchlorate/ in a drying tube, accidentally exposed to ethanol vapor, was left for several months. The explosion which occurred when the desiccant was scraped out was certainly due to formation of ethyl perchlorate.
Addition of platinum black catalyst to ethanol caused ignition. Pre-reduction with hydrogen and/or nitrogen purging of air prevented this.
Contact of 1.5 g portions of the solid /potassium tert-butoxide/ ... with ... /ethanol vapor for 7 min/ caused ignition ... .
Air must be excluded during exothermic interaction of ethanol with sodium finely dispersed in hydrocarbons to avoid the possibility of hydrogen air mixture explosions.
In the preparation of ethyl polysilicate by mixing tetrachlorosilane and industrial methylated spirit containing some water, failure of the agitator is thought to have led to layering of the alcohol over the dense chloride. Evolution of hydrogen chloride led to mixing of the layers, and a greatly incr rate of reaction and self-accelerating gas evolution which burst the reactor.
Acetyl chloride reacts violently with ethyl alcohol or water.
A mixture of silver oxide plus ethyl alcohol and aq ammonia forms the very sensitive silver nitride.
A little calcium hypochlorite added to ethyl alcohol or glycerol will result in a violent explosion after a short time.
No really safe conditions exist under which ethyl alcohol and chlorine oxides can be handled.
The addition of alcohols to highly concentrated hydrogen peroxide forms powerful explosives which can be detonated by shock.
The Petrov method of preparing 1-iodo-2-ethoxy-3-butene calls for addition of 15 g of mercuric oxide to 0.11 molar ethyl alcohol in 25 mL of methyl alcohol, followed by 25 g of powdered iodine at -10 to -15 deg C, filtration, and dilution. A change in the procedure used 1 molar ethyl alcohol. While the alcohol was being distilled off under vacuum, a violent explosion occurred.
A violent explosion occurred when manganese perchlorate, absolute alcohol and 2,2-dimethoxypropane were gently refluxed for about two hr under a stream of nitrogen.
Alcohols should not be mixed with mercuric nitrate, as explosive mercury fulminate may be formed.
Certain metal perchlorates recrystallized from benzene or ethyl alcohol can explode spontaneously. /Metal perchlorates/
In mineral analysis the potassium cation is sometimes identified by adding perchloric acid in the presence of ethyl alcohol concn. Explosions frequently occur that are due to the spontaneous decomp of ethyl perchlorate formed during concn and of residual perchloric acid.
To dispose of a sodium-potassium waste, it was placed in a glove box, which was then purged with argon for 10 min. When 10 mL of alcohol was added to the waste, an immediate pressure rise caused the glove to burst and flame issued from the port. Also, a highly oxidized sphere of potassium was cut in two and one half was dropped into a dish of alcohol; an immediate explosion shattered the dish. Potassium superoxide was considered the cause of both incidents.
Addition of air, or alcohol, or moisture to sodium hydrazide can produce an explosion.
Strong oxidizers, potassium dioxide, bromine pentafluoride, acetyl bromide, acetyl chloride, platinum, sodium.
Accidental presence of the acid salt /acetic anhydride/ vigorously catalysed a large scale preparation of ethyl acetate, causing violent boiling and emission of vapor which became ignited and exploded.
The residues from a cortisol assay procedure (5 cc dichloromethane, 2.5 cc of a fluorescent reagent in 15:85 ethanol-sulfuric acid) were added to a 500 cc bottle and screw capped. After a 90 s delay, the bottle burst violently and brown fumes were seen. It was surmised that a nitrate or nitrite contaminant in the bottle had liberated oxides of nitrogen or nitric acid which had oxidised the organics exothermically.
Action of silver on nitric acid in presence of ethanol may form the readily detonable silver fulminate.
/Tetraphosphorus hexaoxide/ ignites immediately with ethanol at ambient temperature.
Distillation of /barium perchlorate/ mixtures with C1-C3 alcohols gives the highly explosive alkyl perchlorates.
/Chloryl perchlorate/ violently or explosively oxidizes ethanol... .
When /ethanol/ was used to rinse a pestle and mortar which had been used to grind coarse chromium trioxide, immediate ignition occurred due to vigorous oxidation of the solvent.
/Dioxygen difluoride/ explodes with solid ethanol below -130 deg C...
The very powerful liquid oxident, /Fluorine nitrate/, explodes when vigorously shaken, or immediately on contact with /ethanol/...
In the analytical determination of potassium as perchlorate, heating the solid containing traces of ethanol and perchloric acid caused a violent explosion. Contact of drops of anhydrous perchloric acid and ethanol caused immediate violent explosion.
In a demonstration of the powerful oxidant effect of manganese heptoxide on ethanol layered on top of sulfuric acid, it is essential to observe all the precautions given to prevent violent exothermic reactions.
The ethanol complex /with silver perchlorate/... exploded...
The exothermic oxidation of ethanol /and sodium peroxide/... may lead to fire or explosion.
Other Preventative Measures
Good ventilation will prevent the formation of harmful concentrations of alcohol vapors ... Arrangements should be made by the provision of sills and curbs and by the design of floors to limit the spread of escaping liquid and to conduct it to a safe place ... Precautions should be taken ... by the provision of flameproof electrical installations and equipment, to prevent sources of ignition where large quantities of ethyl alcohol are made or used /and/or stored/.
If material /is/ not on fire and not involved in fire: Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to disperse vapors and dilute standing pools of liquid.
Personel protection: Avoid breathing vapors. Keep upwind. Do not handle broken packages unless wearing appropriate personal protective equipment. Wash away any material which may have contacted the body with copious amounts of water or soap and water.
Evacuation: If material leaking (not on fire) consider evacuation from downwind area based on amount of material spilled, location and weather conditions.
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in such a manner so that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance to ascertain the completeness of the cleaning procedures should be implemented before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers. Contaminated clothing should not be taken home at end of shift, but should remain at employee's place of work for cleaning.
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
SRP: Local exhaust ventilation should be applied wherever there is an incidence of point source emissions or dispersion of regulated contaminants in the work area. Ventilation control of the contaminant as close to its point of generation is both the most economical and safest method to minimize personnel exposure to airborne contaminants.
Protective Equipment and Clothing
All-purpose canister; safety goggles.
Personal protective equipment ... should be provided where there is ... prolonged skin contact.
Protective clothing should be worn by persons who are exposed to ethanol and should be composed of natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, or vitron as these compounds have breakthrough times (ie the time it takes for a compound to move from the outer surface of protective clothing to the inner surface) of at least an hour or more.
Breakthrough times greater than one hour reported by (normally, two or more testers for butyl rubber (butyl), natural rubber (nat.rub) neoprene (neop), nitrile rubber (nitrile) and viton. Breakthrough times less (usually significantly less) than one hour reported by (normally) two or more testers for polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). No data for neoprene/styrene-butadiene rubber (neop/SBR), nitrile rubber/polyvinyl chloride (nitrile/PVC), polyethylene (PE), polyurethane (PU), and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR).
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Respirator Recommendations: Up to 3300 ppm: (Assigned Protection Factor = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(Assigned Protection Factor = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece.
Respirator Recommendations: Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (Assigned Protection Factor = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(Assigned Protection Factor = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus.
Respirator Recommendations: Escape: Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
Specification

? Ethanol (CAS NO.64-17-5), its Synonyms are Ethanol, undenatured ; Ethyl alcohol, undenatured ; Alcohol ; Distilled spirits ; 1-Hydroxyethane ; AI3-01706 ; Absolute ethanol ; Denatured alcohol CD-5a ; Denatured alcohol SD-1 ; Denatured alcohol SD-13a . It is?clear colorless liquid with a characteristic vinous odor and pungent taste.

Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = -0.31
Disposal Methods
SRP: The most favorable course of action is to use an alternative chemical product with less inherent propensity for occupational exposure or environmental contamination. Recycle any unused portion of the material for its approved use or return it to the manufacturer or supplier. Ultimate disposal of the chemical must consider: the material's impact on air quality; potential migration in soil or water; effects on animal, aquatic, and plant life; and conformance with environmental and public health regulations.
The following wastewater treatment technologies have been investigated for ethanol: Biological Treatment.
Reach Info
This substance has been officially registered by enterprises.
ECHA (EU chemicals Management Agency) published the completed registration file as follows:
Completed registration file:
Registered as ubmitted Total tonnage band  
FULL JOINT 1000000_10000000 view >
FULL INDIVIDUAL 0_10 view >
Registered companies:
Registrant / Supplier details Latest dossier received
3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL 2016
A V Pound & Co. Ltd 2016
Abengoa Bioenergy France S.A. 2016
more >
MSDS

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 13, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 13, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name ethanol

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Ethanol

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Solvent
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company WWW.GuideChem.COM
Address 8F, Block C, No.3 Building, Zijin Plaza, No.701, Gudun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310030, China
Telephone +86-571-89739798
Fax 86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-571-89739798
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
ethanol ethanol 64-17-5 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 127 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible)]: Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. LIQUID: Not harmful. (USCG, 1999)

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include irritation. Ingestion may result in mucous membrane irritation. Eye contact may cause immediate pain and conjunctival hyperemia, but no serious injury. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound may cause local irritation. It may also cause mucous membrane irritation. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Emergency and supportive measures: 1. Acute intoxication. Treatment is mainly supportive. a. Protect the airway to prevent aspiration and intubate and assist ventilation if needed. b. Give glucose and thiamine, and treat coma and seizures if they occur. Glucagon is not effective for alcohol-induced hypoglycemia. c. Correct hypothermia with gradual rewarming. d. Most patients will recover within 4-6 hours. Observe children until their blood alcohol level is below 50 mg/dL and there is no evidence of hypoglycemia. 2. Alcoholic ketoacidosis. Treat with volume replacement, thiamine, and supplemental glycose. Most patients recover rapidly. 3. Alcohol withdrawal. Treat with benzodiazepines.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 127 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

FLAMMABLE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. (USCG, 1999)

This chemical is probably combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Land spill: Apply appropriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.Keep tightly closed, cool and away from flame.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state clear colorless liquid
Colour Clear, colorless, very mobile liquid
Odour Mild, rather pleasant; like wine or whiskey
Melting point/ freezing point -114\u00baC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 78.3\u00b0C
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78\u00b0C and BP at or above 37.78\u00b0C.Highly flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 3.3% by volume; Upper flammable limit:19% by volume
Flash point 14\u00b0C
Auto-ignition temperature 361.67\u00b0C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 1.074 mPa.s at 20\u00b0C
Solubility In water:miscible
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = -0.31
Vapour pressure 59.3 mm Hg at 25\u00b0C /Extrapolated/
Density and/or relative density 0.816g/mLat 25\u00b0C
Relative vapour density 1.59 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame ... .The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.Acetyl chloride reacts violently with ethanol or water, [Rose, (1961)]. Acetyl bromide reacts violently with alcohols or water, [Merck 11th ed., 1989]. Mixtures of alcohols with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Example: An explosion will occur if dimethylbenzylcarbinol is added to 90% hydrogen peroxide then acidified with concentrated sulfuric acid. Mixtures of ethyl alcohol with concentrated hydrogen peroxide form powerful explosives. Mixtures of hydrogen peroxide and 1-phenyl-2-methyl propyl alcohol tend to explode if acidified with 70% sulfuric acid, [Chem. Eng. News 45(43):73(1967); J, Org. Chem. 28:1893(1963)]. Alkyl hypochlorites are violently explosive. They are readily obtained by reacting hypochlorous acid and alcohols either in aqueous solution or mixed aqueous-carbon tetrachloride solutions. Chlorine plus alcohols would similarly yield alkyl hypochlorites. They decompose in the cold and explode on exposure to sunlight or heat. Tertiary hypochlorites are less unstable than secondary or primary hypochlorites, [NFPA 491 M, 1991]. Base-catalysed reactions of isocyanates with alcohols should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence, [Wischmeyer(1969)].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Many explosions have been experienced during the gravimetric determination of either perchlorates or potassium as potassium perchlorate by a standard method involving ethanol extraction. During subsequent heating, formation and explosion of ethyl perchlorate is very probable.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 3.4 g/L
  • Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation 39 g/cu m/4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

A3; Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Oncorhynchus mykiss (Rainbow Trout) fingerling, length 9.2 cm, weight 9.5 g; Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 10\u00b0C, pH 8.0; Concentration: 11200000 ug/L for 24 hr /formulation
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water Flea) age <12 hr neonate; Conditions: freshwater, static, 25\u00b0C, pH 8.2, dissolved oxygen 8.0 mg/L; Concentration: 9248000 ug/L for 48 hr (95% confidence interval: 7560000-12600000 ug/L) /formulation
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Green Algae) 15000 cells/mL; Conditions: freshwater, static, 24\u00b0C; Concentration: 8090 ug/L for 48 hr (95% confidence interval: 6410-12000 ug/L); Effect: physiology, photosynthesis /99% purity formulation
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Ethanol was shown to biodegrade under aerobic conditions in various screening tests using different types of inocula and incubation periods(1-7). 5 day theoretical BOD values range from 37% - 86%(1,4). Biodegradation of 3, 7, and 10 mg/L ethanol with filtered sewage seed in fresh water resulted in a 74% theoretical BOD in 5 days and 84% in 20 days; in salt water 45% of the theoretical BOD was reached in 5 days and 75% was reached in 20 days(4). Formaldehyde and acetic acid are products of biodegradation by a soil inoculum(6). Ethanol present at 100 mg/L, achieved 89% of its theoretical BOD using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(7). Ethanol was rapidly degraded in aerobic microcosms prepared from low organic (0.2% organic carbon) sandy aquifer material obtained from Jurere Beach, Brazil(8). Microcosms were prepared with 20 grams of aquifer material and 50 mL of groundwater (pH 5.2). At a starting concentration of 100 mg/L, ethanol had half-lives of approximately 3 days in samples prepared with 20 mg/L of either benzene, toluene or o-xylene under aerobic conditions(8).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for ethanol(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.31(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

A log Koc of 0.44 has been reported for ethanol(2), corresponding to a Koc of 2.75(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that ethanol is expected to have very high mobility in soil. Ethanol leaching was measured using a shallow sand and gravel test aquifer in Merrick Co, central Platte Valley, Nebraska which was subjected to a pulse containing 220 mg/L ethanol and 12 mg/L bromide and monitored for 2.5 months. Transport was not retarded. An average first-order decay constant was estimated of be 0.32/day, corresponding to a half-life of 2.2 days(3). A sorption coefficient on a snow surface was reported as log K = -3.04 (cu m snow surface/sq m air) at -6.8\u00b0C(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1170 IMDG: UN1170 IATA: UN1170

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ETHANOL (ETHYL ALCOHOL) or ETHANOL SOLUTION (ETHYL ALCOHOL SOLUTION)
IMDG: ETHANOL (ETHYL ALCOHOL) or ETHANOL SOLUTION (ETHYL ALCOHOL SOLUTION)
IATA: ETHANOL (ETHYL ALCOHOL) or ETHANOL SOLUTION (ETHYL ALCOHOL SOLUTION)

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
ethanol ethanol 64-17-5 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 13, 2017
Revision Date Aug 13, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Precursor and Product
Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:46.06844 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C2H6O
XLogP3-AA:-0.1
H-Bond Donor:1
H-Bond Acceptor:1
Rotatable Bond Count:0
Exact Mass:46.041865
MonoIsotopic Mass:46.041865
Topological Polar Surface Area:20.2
Heavy Atom Count:3
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:2.8
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Feature 3D Acceptor Count:1
Feature 3D Donor Count:1
Effective Rotor Count:0
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.4
CID Conformer Count:1