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Home> Hot Product Listed H   > hexachloroethane

hexachloroethane

Iupac Name:1,1,1,2,2,2-hexachloroethane
CAS No.:67-72-1
EINECS(EC#):200-666-4
Molecular Weight:236.74
Molecular Formula:C2Cl6 (Products with the same molecular formula)
MOL File:67-72-1.mol
Properties
Appearance
white crystalline powder
Density
2.091
Melting Point
184-190℃
Boiling Point
186℃
Refractive Index
1.533
Flash Point
61.3 °C
Water
0.05 g/L (22℃)
Solubilities
0.05 g/L (22 °C) in water
Color/Form
Colorless crystals
Crystal structure: rhombic 71 deg C
Stability
Stable. Non-combustible. May react with hot metals, strong oxidizing agents.
Storage temp
2-8°C
Spectral properties
SADTLER REF NUMBER: 4546 (IR, PRISM)
IR: 411 (Sadtler Research Laboratories IR Grating Collection)
MASS: 61377 (NIST/EPA/MSDC Mass Spectral database, 1990 version); 716 (Atlas of Mass Spectral Data, John Wiley & Sons, New York)
Raman: 309 (Sadtler Research Laboratories spectral collection)
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
Xn:Harmful
Risk Statements
R36/37/38;R40;R51/53
Safety Statements
S26;S36/37/39;S45;S61
HazardClass
9
Safety

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. A poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. Liver injury has resulted from exposure to this material. An insecticide. Slightly explosive by spontaneous chemical reaction. Dehalogenation of this material by reaction with alkalies, metals, etc., will produce spontaneously explosive chloroacetylenes. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cl? and phosgene.?
Hazard Codes:?Xn,?N,?T,?F
Risk Statements: 40-51/53-36/37/38-39/23/24/25-36/38-23/24/25-11?
R40:Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.?
R51/53:Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.?
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.?
R39/23/24/25:Danger of very serious irreversible effects and Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.?
R36/38:Irritating to eyes and skin.?
R23/24/25:Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.?
R12:Extremely flammable.
Safety Statements: 36/37-61-45-36/37/39-26-24-16-7?
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.?
S61:Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions / safety data sheets.?
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)?
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.?
S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.?
S24:Avoid contact with skin.?
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition.?
S7:Keep container tightly closed.
RIDADR: UN 9037
WGK Germany: 3
RTECS: KI4025000
HazardClass: 9
PackingGroup: III

PackingGroup
III
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
Mucous membranes, skin, lung, and cornea irritation.
approximatelyIt is irritating to the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract.
Cleanup Methods
1. Ventilate area of spill; 2. Collect spilled material in the most convenient and safe manner for reclamation or for disposal. ... Liquid containing hexachloroethane should be absorbed in vermiculite, dry sand, earth or a similar material.
Evacuate and restrict persons not wearing protective equipment from area of spill or leak until clean-up is complete. Remove all ignition sources. Collect powdered material in the most convenient and safe manner and deposit in sealed containers. Ventilate area after clean-up is complete. It may be necessary to contain and dispose of this chemical as a hazardous waste.
Transport
UN 9037
Fire Fighting Procedures
If material involved in fire: Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Fire Potential
Not flammable by standard tests in air.
Formulations/Preparations
Purity: 98.0% minimum
Smoke mixture with US Army designation HC, type C is composed of ca 6.7 wt% grained aluminum, 46.7 wt% zinc oxide, and 46.7 wt% hexachloroethane.
Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Hexachloroethane was among a number of chemicals studied for vigorous reactions with zinc, cadmium, or mercury.
Alkalis; metals such as zinc, cadmium, aluminum, hot iron and mercury.
Other Preventative Measures
If materials not on fire and not involved in fire: Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard.
Personnel protection: Avoid breathing vapors. If contact with the material anticipated, wear appropriate chemical protective clothing. Avoid breathing fumes from burning material. Wash away any material which may have contacted the body with copious amounts of water or soap and water. Avoid bodily contact with the material.
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
If the use of respirators is necessary, the only respirators permitted are those that have been approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (formerly Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration) or by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. In addition to respirator selection, a complete respiratory protection program should be instituted which includes regular training, maintenance, inspection, cleaning, and evaluation.
If employees' clothing may have become contaminated with solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane, employees should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premises.
Clothing contaminated with solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane should be placed in closed containers for storage until it can be discarded or until provision is made for the removal of hexachloroethane from the clothing. If the clothing is to be laundered or otherwise cleaned to remove the hexachloroethane, the person performing the operation should be informed of hexachloroethane's hazardous properties. Non-impervious clothing which becomes contaminated with solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane should be removed immediately and not reworn until the hexachloroethane is removed from the clothing.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in such a manner so that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance to ascertain the completeness of the cleaning procedures should be implemented before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers.
Workers subject to skin contact with solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane should wash with soap or mild detergent and water any areas of the body which may have contacted hexachloroethane at the end of each work day.
Employees who handle solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane should wash their hands thoroughly with soap or mild detergent and water before eating, smoking, or using toilet facilities.
Eating and smoking should not be permitted in areas where solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane is handled, processed, or stored.
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
The worker should wash daily at the end of each work shift, and prior to eating, drinking, smoking, etc.
Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed and replaced.
Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premises.
Protective Equipment and Clothing
Wear thick working gloves, safety goggles, universal gas mask.
Employees should be provided with and required to use impervious clothing, gloves, face-shields (eight-inch minimum), and other appropriate protective clothing necessary to prevent any possibility of skin contact with solid hexachloroethane or liquids containing hexachloroethane.
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Eyewash fountains should be provided in areas where there is any possibility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection.
Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure. [Note: It is intended that these facilities provide a sufficient quantity or flow of water to quickly remove the substance from any body areas likely to be exposed. The actual determination of what constitutes an adequate quick drench facility depends on the specific circumstances. In certain instances, a deluge shower should be readily available, whereas in others, the availability of water from a sink or hose could be considered adequate.]
Respirator Recommendations: At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation APF = 10,000 Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. APF = 10,000 Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus.
Respirator Recommendations: Escape conditions: Assigned Protection Factor (APF) Respirator Recommendation APF = 50 Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
Specification

?Hexachloroethane , its cas register number is 67-72-1. It also can be called?1,1,1,2,2,2-Hexachloroethane ; Avlothane ; Distokal ; Egitol ; Ethane hexachloride ; Ethane, hexachloro- ; Ethylene hexachloride ; Falkitol ; Hexachlor-aethan ; Mottenhexe ; Perchloroethane ; Phenohep ; Ethane, 1,1,1,2,2,2-hexachloro- .It is a?colorless, crystalline solid with a camphor-like odor.It?may cause illness from inhalation or ingestion and may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. When heated to high temperatures it may emit toxic fumes. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. It?insoluble in water.It?can react with hot iron, zinc and aluminum.

Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = 4.14
Disposal Methods
[40 CFR 240-280, 300-306, 702-799 (7/1/2006)] Generators of waste (equal to or greater than 100 kg/mo) containing this contaminant, EPA hazardous waste number D034 & U131, must conform with USEPA regulations in storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste.
Generators of waste (equal to or greater than 100 kg/mo) containing this contaminant, EPA hazardous waste number U131, must conform with USEPA regulations in storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste.
A potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration at a temperature range of 820 to 1,600 deg C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and hours for solids. A potential candidate for fluidized bed incineration at a temperature range of 450 to 980 deg C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and longer for solids.
Chemical Treatability of Hexachloroethane; Concentration Process: Activated carbon; Chemical Classification: Halocarbons; Scale of Study: Batch Flow/Laboratory Scale; Type of Wastewater Used: Pure Compound; Influent Concentration: 100 ppb; Results of Study: 100% removal; 98% desorbed from carbon by elutriation with solvent (Filtrasorb 300 used solvent included pentane-acetone, diethylether, methylene chloride-acteone, methyl chloride-acetone, and acetone).
Chemical Treatability of Hexachloroethane; Concentration Process: Resin Adsorption; Chemical Classification: Halocarbons; Scale of Study: Batch Flow/Laboratory Scale; Type of Wastewater Used: Pure Compound; Influent Concentration: 100 ppb; Results of Study: 100% removal; 55% desorption from resin by elutriation with solvent (Amberlite XAD-2 used solvents included pentane-acetone, diethyl ether, methylene chloride-acetone, methyl chloride-acetone, and acetone).
Group I Containers: Combustible containers from organic or metallo-organic pesticides (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium, or arsenic compounds) should be disposed of in pesticide incinerators or in specified landfill sites. /Organic or metallo-organic pesticides/
Group II Containers: Non-combustible containers from organic or metallo-organic pesticides (except organic mercury, lead, cadmium, or arsenic compounds) must first be triple-rinsed. Containers that are in good condition may be returned to the manufacturer or formulator of the pesticide product, or to a drum reconditioner for reuse with the same type of pesticide product, if such reuse is legal under Department of Transportation regulations (eg 49 CFR 173.28). Containers that are not to be reused should be punctured ... and transported to a scrap metal facility for recycling, disposal or burial in a designated landfill. /Organic or metallo-organic pesticides/
The codisposal of selected organic priority pollutants with municipal refuse was investigated with four pilot-scale simulated landfill cells operated under the influence of single pass leaching or leachate recycle. ... During a 15-month period, little evidence of release of trichloroethane, and hexachloroethane was obtained even after elution of as much as 20 bed volumes in the recycle cells.
Incineration after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced. Recommendable method: Incineration. Peer-review: Excess hydrocarbon fuels should be used due to the high chlorine content. (Peer review conclusions of an IRPTC expert consultation (May 1985))
Reach Info
Globally, no enterprise has officially registered the substance REACH.
Other official information: ·ECHA Information Page for CAS: 67-72-1 EC: 200-666-4 hexachloroethane ·ECHA C&L Inventory for CAS: CAS: 67-72-1 EC: 200-666-4 hexachloroethane
MSDS

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name hexachloroethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Ethane, hexachloro-

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin irritation, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity \u2013 single exposure, Category 3

Carcinogenicity, Category 2

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H315 Causes skin irritation

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H351 Suspected of causing cancer

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
hexachloroethane hexachloroethane 67-72-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Compound is a powerful narcotic and liver poison; may also cause changes in blood composition and neurological disturbances. Repeated exposure by inhalation can be fatal. Ingestion causes vomiting, diarrhea, severe mucosal injury, liver necrosis, cyanosis, unconsciousness, loss of reflexes, and death. Contact with eyes causes irritation and lachrymation. Can be absorbed through the skin and may produce severe skin lesions. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Military Smoke Agents/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material involved in fire: Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating hydrogen chloride vapor may form in fire. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

1. Ventilate area of spill; 2. Collect spilled material in the most convenient and safe manner for reclamation or for disposal. ... Liquid containing hexachloroethane should be absorbed in vermiculite, dry sand, earth or a similar material.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants, alkali metals and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing....Hexachloroethane must be stored to avoid contact with hot iron, zinc, aluminum, and alkalis, since violent reactions occur. Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 1 ppm (10 mg/cu m), skin.

NIOSH considers hexachloroethane to be a potential occupational carcinogen.

NIOSH considers ethylene dichloride; hexachloroethane; 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane; and 1,1,2-trichloroethane; to be potential occupational carcinogens. Additionally, NIOSH recommends that the other five chloroethane compounds: 1,1-dichloroethane; ethyl chloride; methyl chloroform; pentachloroethane; and 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane be treated in the workplace with caution because of their structural similarity to the four chloroethanes shown to be carcinogenic in animals.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state white crystalline powder
Colour Colorless crystals
Odour Camphor-like odor
Melting point/ freezing point 133\u00b0C(dec.)(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 155\u00b0C/15mmHg(lit.)
Flammability Noncombustible SolidNot combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 152\u00b0C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:0.05 g/L (22 \u00baC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 4.14
Vapour pressure 0.4 mm Hg ( 20 \u00b0C)
Density and/or relative density 2.091
Relative vapour density 8.16 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Not flammable by standard tests in air.HEXACHLOROETHANE can react with hot iron, zinc and aluminum. Dehalogenation of this material by reaction with alkalis and metals will produce unstable chloroacetylenes. It can also react with strong oxidizing agents. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Hexachloroethane was among a number of chemicals studied for vigorous reactions with zinc, cadmium, or mercury.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of /hydrogen chloride/ and phosgene.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat female oral, diluent: corn oil, 4460 mg/kg /From table/
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of hexachloroethane in humans. At the highest concentrations, rats exposed to hexachloroethane by inhalation exhibited maternal toxicity, but there was no evidence of fetotoxicity or teratogenicity (birth defects). In rats exposed to high doses of hexachloroethane via gavage, maternal toxicity, a reduced gestation index, a reduction in the number of fetuses per female, and increased fetal resorption rates were observed.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill, 0.7 g); Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 17.3\u00b0C, pH 7.1-7.8), hardness 44.4 mg/L CaCO3 (40.7-46.6 mg/L CaCO3), alkalinity 45.4 mg/L CaCO3 (42.3-57.0 mg/L CaCO3), dissolved oxygen 6.7 mg/L (4.0-8.4 mg/L); Concentration: 1820 ug/L for 24 hr
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 Daphnia magna 2.9 mg/L/48 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified/.
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Hexachloroethane at 100 mg/L achieved 0% of its theoretical BOD using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L over a 2 week incubation period and the Japanese MITI test(1). The biodegradation half-life of hexachloroethane in a non-adapted aerobic sandy soil was reported as 25-48 days(2).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

Bioconcentration factors of 139, 708, and 510 were measured for hexachloroethane in bluegill sunfish(1), fathead minnows(2) and rainbow trout(3), respectively. BCF values of 1.4-8.5 and 1.0-6.8 have been measured for hexachloroethane at 5 ug/L and 0.5 ug/L in carp(4). According to a classification scheme(5), BCF values of zero to 30 indicate the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms are low and from 100 to 1,000 are high(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Measured Koc values ranging from 1,380 to 2,360 have been reported for hexachloroethane(1,2). According to a classification scheme(3), this range of Koc values suggests that hexachloroethane is expected to have low to slight mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IMDG: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IATA: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 9 IMDG: 9 IATA: 9

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
hexachloroethane hexachloroethane 67-72-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Precursor and Product
Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:236.7394 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C2Cl6
XLogP3:4.1
H-Bond Donor:0
H-Bond Acceptor:0
Rotatable Bond Count:0
Exact Mass:235.810166
MonoIsotopic Mass:233.813116
Topological Polar Surface Area:0
Heavy Atom Count:8
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:61.5
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Effective Rotor Count:1
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.4
CID Conformer Count:1