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Home> Hot Product Listed B   > Bromoethane

Bromoethane

Iupac Name:bromoethane
CAS No.:74-96-4
EINECS(EC#):200-825-8
Molecular Weight:108.97
Molecular Formula:C2H5Br (Products with the same molecular formula)
MOL File:74-96-4.mol
Names and Identifiers
Synonyms

Bromoethane Ethyl bromideEthyl bromideBromoethane Bromoethane

Inchi
InChI=1/C2H5Br/c1-2-3/h2H2,1H3
InChkey
RDHPKYGYEGBMSE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Canonical Smiles
CCBr
Properties
Appearance
colourless liquid with an ether-like odour
Density
1.46
Melting Point
-119℃
Boiling Point
37-40℃
Refractive Index
1.4225-1.4245
Flash Point
-23℃
Water
0.91 g/100 mL (20℃)
Solubilities
0.91 g/100 mL (20 °C) in water
Color/Form
Colorless to yellow liquid ... [Note: A gas above 101 degrees F].
Stability
Stable. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point. Incompatible with alkali metals, aluminium, magnesium, strong bases, water, strong oxidizing agents. May be light sensitive.
Storage temp
Refrigerator
Spectral properties
Index of refraction: 1.42386 @ 25 deg C
Index of refraction 1.4242 @ 20 deg C/D
IR: 5930 (Coblentz Society Spectral Collection)
1H NMR: 10 (Varian Associates NMR Spectra Catalogue)
MASS: 1450 (NIST/EPA/MSDC Mass Spectral Database, 1990 version)
C-13 NMR: 133 (Stothers, Carbon-13 NMR scectroscopy, Academic Press, New York)
Safety and Handling
Hazard Codes
F:Flammable
Risk Statements
R11;R20/22;R40
Safety Statements
S36/37
HazardClass
6.1
Safety

Safty information about Bromoethane (CAS NO.74-96-4) is:
Hazard Codes:?F,Xn
Risk Statements: 11-20/22-40?
R11:Highly flammable.?
R20/22:Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.?
R40:Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
Safety Statements: 36/37
RIDADR: UN 1891 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany: 1
RTECS: KH6475000
F: 8
HazardClass: 6.1
PackingGroup: II

PackingGroup
II
Sensitive
Light Sensitive
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Irritations
/Irritates/ eyes and respiratory tract.
Its vapors are markedly irritating to the lungs on inhalation for even short periods.
Cleanup Methods
Absorb the spills with paper towels or the like materials. Place in hood to evaporate. Dispose by burning the towel.
Transport
UN 1891
Fire Fighting Procedures
If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Fire Potential
Dangerously flammable by heat, open flame (sparks), oxidizers.
Formulations/Preparations
Grade: Technical (98%)
DOT Emergency Guidelines
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Health: TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with some of these materials will irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Fire or Explosion: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a "P" may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Public Safety: CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number ... . As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions. Keep unauthorized personnel away. Stay upwind. Keep out of low areas. Ventilate closed spaces before entering.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Protective Clothing: Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection. Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Evacuation: ... Fire: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Fire: CAUTION: All these products have a very low flash point. Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small fires: Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Fire involving tanks or car/trailer loads: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ Spill or Leak: Fully encapsulating, vapor protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Small spills: Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers for later disposal. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material. Large spills: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
/GUIDE 131: FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS-TOXIC/ First Aid: Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. Wash skin with soap and water. Keep victim warm and quiet. In case of burns, immediately cool affected skin for as long as possible with cold water. Do not remove clothing if adhering to skin. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
Reactivities and Incompatibilities
Explosion may occur by an impact with the mixture of this substance with alkali metals.
Can react with sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc and magnesium.
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium.
The vigorous interaction of ethanol, phosphorus, and bromine to give bromoethane is considered too dangerous for a school experiment.
Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic & corrosive fumes. Vigorous reaction with oxidizing materials.
Vigorous reaction with oxidizing materials.
Other Preventative Measures
Skin that becomes wet with liquid ethyl bromide should be promptly washed or showered with soap or mild detergent and water to remove any ethyl bromide.
The industrial buildings in which ... bromoethane is processed should be constructed of materials that do not absorb the substance, for example of ceramic or similar materials with special linings.
Steps should be taken to ensure the elimination of leaks in equipment and ducting. Equipment for the manufacture of bromine and its cmpd must be made of materials that will resist the corrosive action of these substances. Ducts should be made of ceramic material or special glass and the substances should be conveyed by means of inert gas under pressure, by vacuum or by the use of glandless pumps. Continuous supervision of the gas-tightness of equipment and ducting and of the atmospheric concn of toxic substances is essential. The workplace should have good general ventilation and places where gas may escape should be provided with local exhaust ventilation.
SRP: The scientific literature for the use of contact lenses in industry is conflicting. The benefit or detrimental effects of wearing contact lenses depend not only upon the substance, but also on factors including the form of the substance, characteristics and duration of the exposure, the uses of other eye protection equipment, and the hygiene of the lenses. However, there may be individual substances whose irritating or corrosive properties are such that the wearing of contact lenses would be harmful to the eye. In those specific cases, contact lenses should not be worn. In any event, the usual eye protection equipment should be worn even when contact lenses are in place.
SRP: Contaminated protective clothing should be segregated in such a manner so that there is no direct personal contact by personnel who handle, dispose, or clean the clothing. Quality assurance to ascertain the completeness of the cleaning procedures should be implemented before the decontaminated protective clothing is returned for reuse by the workers. Contaminated clothing should not be taken home at end of shift, but should remain at employee's place of work for cleaning.
SRP: Local exhaust ventilation should be applied wherever there is an incidence of point source emissions or dispersion of regulated contaminants in the work area. Ventilation control of the contaminant as close to its point of generation is both the most economical and safest method to minimize personnel exposure to airborne contaminants.
The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard.
If material not on fire and not involved in fire: Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Personnel protection: Avoid breathing vapors. Keep upwind. ... Avoid bodily contact with the material. Do not handle broken packages unless wearing appropriate personal protective equipment. ...
Protective Equipment and Clothing
Wear safety glasses, rubber gloves, self-contained breathing apparatus, protective work gown.
Respirator selection: 2,000 ppm: Supplied-air respirator and self-contained breathing apparatus; 3,500 ppm: Supplied-air respirator with full facepiece, helmet or hood; or self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece; or type C supplied-air respirator with full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode or with full facepiece, helmet, or hood operated in continuous-flow mode. Escape: Gas mask with organic vapor canister or self-contained breathing apparatus.
Clothing contaminated with liquid ethyl bromide should be placed in closed containers for storage until it can be discarded or until provision is made for the removal of ethyl bromide from the clothing. If the clothing is to be laundered or otherwise cleaned to remove the ethyl bromide, the person performing the operation should be informed of ethyl bromide's hazardous properties. ... Employees should be provided with and required to use splash-proof safety goggles where liquid ethyl bromide may contact the eyes.
Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.
Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Max concn for use: 2000 ppm. Respirator Class(es): Any supplied-air respirator. Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: Emergency or planned entry into unknown concn or IDLH conditions: Respirator Class(es): Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece and operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode.
Recommendations for respirator selection. Condition: Escape from suddenly occurring respiratory hazards: Respirator Class(es): Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister. Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus.
Specification

?Bromoethane , its cas register number is 74-96-4. It also can be called Ethyl bromide ; Bromic ether ; Bromure d'ethyle ; Ethane, bromo- ; Hydrobromic ether ; Monobromoethane .It is a?colourless liquid with an ether-like odour.It slightly soluble in water and denser than water.It will react with steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes.?It can react vigorously with oxidizers. It reacts with strong bases. It also reacts with chemically active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc and magnesium. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient
log Kow = 1.61
Report

No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of bromoethane were avlable.There is limited evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of bromoethane.Bromoethance is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans(Group 3).

Disposal Methods
SRP: At the time of review, criteria for land treatment or burial (sanitary landfill) disposal practices are subject to significant revision. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue (including waste sludge), consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices.
Dissolve in a combustible solvent. Scatter the spray of the solution into the furnace with afterburner and alkali scrubber.
Ethyl bromide should not be allowed to enter a confined space, such as a sewer, because of the possibility of an explosion. Sewers designed to preclude the formation of explosive concentrations of ethyl bromide vapors are permitted.
Reach Info
This substance has been officially registered by enterprises.
ECHA (EU chemicals Management Agency) published the completed registration file as follows:
Completed registration file:
Registered as ubmitted Total tonnage band  
INTERMEDIATE JOINT INTERMEDIATE_USE_ONLY view >
Registered companies:
Registrant / Supplier details Latest dossier received
Gedeon Richter Plc. 2017
PPC SAS 2013
more >
MSDS

Download/Modify | Technical supported by XiXisys.com. For US version, EU version (23 languages) and more, please refer to xixisys.com/en/sds/search

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Bromoethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Hydrobromic ether

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates,Ion exchange agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

Carcinogenicity, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H332 Harmful if inhaled

H351 Suspected of causing cancer

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/\u2026if you feel unwell.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Bromoethane Bromoethane 74-96-4 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]: TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with some of these materials will irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal ... . Cover skin burns with dry sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Bromine, methyl bromide, and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Remove all ignition sources. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable metal containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Absorb the spills with paper towels or the like materials. Place in hood to evaporate. Dispose by burning the towel.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.Outdoor or detached storage is preferable. Indoor storage should be in a standard flammable liquid storage room.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

After reviewing available published literature, NIOSH provided comments to OSHA on August 1, 1988, regarding the "Proposed Rule on Air Contaminants" (29 CFR 1910, Docket No. H-020). In these comments, NIOSH questioned whether the PELs proposed for ethyl bromide [TWA 200 ppm; STEL 250 ppm] were adequate to protect workers from recognized health hazards.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless liquid with an ether-like odour
Colour Colorless to yellow liquid ... [Note: A gas above 101 degrees F].
Odour ... Ether-like odor.
Melting point/ freezing point 188\u00b0C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 38\u00b0C
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78\u00b0C and BP at or above 37.78\u00b0C.Extremely flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit % BY VOL: LOWER FLAMMABLE LIMIT: 6.8; UPPER FLAMMABLE LIMIT: 8.0
Flash point -23\u00b0C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 511.11\u00b0C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.379 cP @ 25\u00b0C
Solubility In water:0.91 g/100 mL (20 \u00baC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 1.61
Vapour pressure 25.32 psi ( 55 \u00b0C)
Density and/or relative density 1.46
Relative vapour density ~3.75 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Conditions contributing to instability: heat

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Dangerously flammable by heat, open flame (sparks), oxidizers.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.ETHYL BROMIDE will react with steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. It can react vigorously with oxidizers. It reacts with strong bases. It also reacts with chemically active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc and magnesium. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Explosion may occur by an impact with the mixture of this substance with alkali metals.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

READILY DECOMPOSES WHEN HEATED TO EMIT TOXIC FUMES OF /BROMINE/.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 1350 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 27,000 ppm/1 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

Evaluation: No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of bromoethane were available. There is limited evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of bromoethane. Overall evaluation: Bromoethane is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans (Group 3).

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

Ethyl bromide, present at 100 mg/l, reached 13-45% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/l and the Japanese MITI test(1).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3.5 was calculated for ethyl bromide(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.61(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of ethyl bromide is estimated as 179(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.61(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1891 IMDG: UN1891 IATA: UN1891

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ETHYL BROMIDE
IMDG: ETHYL BROMIDE
IATA: ETHYL BROMIDE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 IMDG: 6.1 IATA: 6.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Bromoethane Bromoethane 74-96-4 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Precursor and Product
Computational chemical data

Molecular Weight:108.9651 [g/mol]
Molecular Formula:C2H5Br
XLogP3-AA:1.4
H-Bond Donor:0
H-Bond Acceptor:0
Rotatable Bond Count:0
Exact Mass:107.957463
MonoIsotopic Mass:107.957463
Topological Polar Surface Area:0
Heavy Atom Count:3
Formal Charge:0
Complexity:2.8
Isotope Atom Count:0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:1
Feature 3D Hydrophobe Count:2
Effective Rotor Count:0
Conformer Sampling RMSD:0.4
CID Conformer Count:1

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